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北大网络教育入学考试英语复*资料

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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语





考试形式及试卷结构
试卷总分:100 分 考试时间:90 分钟 考试方式:闭卷,笔试 具体的考查内容和要求如下: 第一部分:语音 共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分。要求考生从所给的四个单词的划线部分中选出一个与其他三 个语音不同的选项。 第二部分:词汇与语法结构 共20小题,每小题1分,共20分。每小题留有空白处,要求考生从 所 给 的 四个选 项 中 选出 一 个 最 佳 答 案填 人 空白 , 使句 子 意 思完 整 。 第三部分:完型填空 共 10小 题 , 每 小 题 1.5分 , 共 30分 。 这 部 分 是 一 篇 短 文 , 短 文 中 有 10处 空 白 , 每 个 空 白 为 1小 题 。 每 小 题 有 四 个 选 项 , 要 求 考 生 在 阅 读 理 解 文 章 内 容 的 基 础 上 , 选 择 一 个 最 佳 答 案 , 使短 文 的意 思 和结 构 合 理、 完 整。 第四部分:阅读理解 共 20小 题 , 每 小 题 2分 , 共 40分 。 这 部 分 由 5篇 文 章 组 成 。 每 篇 文 章 后 有 5个 问 题 , 要 求 考 生 在 理解 全 文的 基 础上 , 从 题后 给 出的 四 个选 项 中 选出 一 个最 符 合题 意 的 答案 。

语法要点讲解
(一) 动词的时态

主要的动词时态包括:一般现在时、一般过去时、现在进行时、过去进行时现在完成时、过去完 成时、一般将来时、过去将来时、将来完成时等 其中较重要的时态有: 过去进行时:What were you doing at eight P.M. yesterday? We were studying at Peking University from 1991 to 1995. 现在完成时:The professor has arrived. Great changes have taken place in China since 1978. 过去完成时:When we got there, the plane had already left. By the time we arrived there, they had finished super. 将来完成时:We will have finished five exams by next Friday.

(二) 情态动词
一.情态动词表示推测用法 1. 情态动词+动词原形,表示对现在或将来的情况的推测,此时动词通常为系动词。
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

I don't know where she is, she may be in Wuhan. 我不知道她在哪儿,可能在武汉。 The man over there must be Mr. Wang. 那边那人一定是王先生。 2. 情态动词+动词现在进行时,表示对现在或将来正在进行的情况进行推测。 At this moment, our teacher must be correcting our exam papers. 这时,想必我们老师正在批改试卷。 -What can they be talking about? 他们可能在谈论什么? -They may/must be talking about the news we heard this morning. 他们也许/肯定在谈论我们今天早上听到的新闻。 3. 情态动词+动词完成时,表示对过去情况的推测。 The road is wet. It must have rained last night. 地是湿的,昨天晚上一定下雨了。 Mr. Zhang isn‘t here yet. He must have forgotten about the meeting. 张先生还没来。他肯定忘了这次会议了。 4. 情态动词+动词的现在完成进行时,表示对过去正在发生事情的推测。 Your mother must have been looking for you. 你妈妈一定一直在找你。 5. 推测的否定形式,疑问形式用 can't, couldn't 表示,不用 mustn‘t Mike can't have found his car, for he came to work by bus this morning. 迈克一定还没有找回他的车,因为早上他是坐公共汽车来*嗟摹 二.情态动词表虚拟 1. “should/ ought to + have +过去分词”表示过去应该做,而没有做,意为“原本应该” ,含有责 备之意。 You should have got up earlier. 你本来应该早些起的。 (但没早起) 2. “might +have+过去分词”表示“本来可以” 。 You might have made greater progress. 你本来可以取得更大的进步。 (但你没取得) 3. “needn‘t + have +过去分词”表示过去不必做而做了,意为“原本不必” ,有责备之意。 There was enough time. He needn‘t have hurried. 有足够的时间,他本来不必这么慌忙。 (慌忙了) 4. “could + have +过去分词”意为“原本能够” You could have been more careful. 你本来能更仔细些的。 (但没有更仔细)

(三) 非谓语动词
动词的非谓语形式包括动词不定式、动名词、现在分词和过去分词。这几种形式在句子中可以担 当主语、宾语、定语、表语、状语等多种功能, 一.动词不定式和动名词的区别 动词不定式和动名词的差别主要体现在两者作为动词宾语时。 动词不定式和动名词都可以做 动词的宾语,有的动词只能接不定式做宾语,有的动词只能接动名词做宾语,而有的动词二者皆 可。常见的只能跟不定式做宾语的动词有以下这些: afford, agree, aim, apply, arrange, ask, attempt, care, claim, consent, dare, decide, demand, deserve, determine, expect, force, hesitate, hope, learn, manage, offer, prepare, pretend, promise, prove, refuse, wait, wish, etc. 常见的只能跟动名词做宾语的动词有以下这些: admit, advise, avoid, delay, deny, escape, fancy, finish, imagine, involve, mind, practise, recall, resist, suggest, etc. 有些成语动词后也只能跟动名词做宾语,例如: burst out, give up, put off, carry on, end up, keep on, be worth doing, have trouble doing, be used to, be accustomed to, etc. 二.分词作状语 1.分词作状语时,分词的逻辑主语必须和主句的主语保持一致。如果两者为逻辑上的主谓关系, 分词用现在分词;如果两者为逻辑上的被动关系,则用过去分词。例如: Seen from the hill, the city looks beautiful. (城市是被看,用过去分词。 )
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

Seeing from the hill, we found the city beautiful.( 我们是主动看,用现在分词。 ) They went out of the hall, talking and laughing.(主句的主语 they 是主动发出 talk 和 laugh 动作的, 用现在分词。 ) 2.分词完成式作状语表示的动作发生在主句谓语动作之前。例如: Having visited the library, they went to the computer room.(visit 发生在 go 之前) Having been shown around the school, they were led to see the lab. (be shown around the school 发生 在 be led to see the lab 之前。 ) 三.分词作补语 分词作补足语应分析其与所补足的词之间的关系, 如果两者为逻辑上的主谓关系, 分词用现在分 词;如果两者为逻辑上的动宾关系或被动关系,则用过去分词。 I heard him singing the song when I passed his room. (he 是 sing 的主语,用现在分词。 ) I must get my bike repaired today. (bike 是被 repair,用过去分词。 ) The two cheats had the fire burning all night long. (fire 是 burn 的主语,用现在分词。 ) 四.独立主格 分词短语作状语时,它的逻辑主语应该是句子的主语。但有时,分词短语带有自己的主语(它们 之间存在着逻辑上的主谓关系) 。这个逻辑上的主语一般由名词担任,在分词短语之前,我们称 这种“名词 + 分词”的结构为独立主格。 (错) Being Sunday, you needn‘t go to school. (分词 being 的逻辑主语不是句子的主语 you,所 以错。 ) (对) It being Sunday, you needn‘t go to school.(分词 being 前有了自己的逻辑主语 it) Weather permitting, we‘ll go to the park. (分词 permitting 前有自己的逻辑主语 weather) All the work done, you can have a rest. (分词 done 前有自己的逻辑主语 all the work) 分词作独立主格时,有时前面可以加 with 或 without. He stood there, his hand raised. = He stood there, with his hand raised. 他举手着站在那儿。

(四) 强调句
句型结构:It is /was + 被强调的成分 + that/who/whom + 其它成分。 这个句型几乎可以强调除谓语动词外的一切句子成分。 I am right. 我是对的。--- It is I who (that) am right.(强调主语) They will have a meeting tomorrow. 他们明天开会。 -It is they who/that will have a meeting tomorrow. (强调主语) -It is a meeting that they will have tomorrow. (强调宾语) -It is tomorrow that they will have a meeting. (强调时间状语)

(五)名词性从句
名词性从句就是起到名词作用的句子,包括主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句。 一.名词性从句的重点是由 what 引导的名词性从句 what = the thing(s) which/that,即“先行词 + 定语从句的引导词通常翻译成“所?”“?的东西、 。 事情” what I did … 我所做的?;what people care about… 人们所关心的? What he said at the meeting is important. = The thing that he said at the meeting is important.他在会上 所说的(事情)是重要的。 另外,whatever, whoever 也可以引导名词性从句,whatever=anything that…任何?的东西、事情; whoever=anybody who 任何?的人 I will give you whatever you want. 你要什么,我就给你什么。 (我将给你所要的任何东西) Whoever leaves the office should tell me. = Any one who leaves the office should tell me. 无论是谁离 开办公室都应该告诉我。 (whoever 在从句中作主语)
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

二.同位语从句 同位语从句放在名词后面用来说明该名词的具体内容。这种名词主要包括:news, fact, idea, view, promise, thought, truth 等。 The news that their team has won the basketball match surprised everyone. 他们队赢得了篮球比赛的 胜利的消息使每个人都很吃惊。 We don‘t know the fact that he has been ill for a month. 我们不知道他已经病了一个月了。 (that he has been ill for a month 是同位语从句说明 fact 的具体内容)

(六) 定语从句
一. 定语从句就是作定语的句子。定语从句可以由 that, who, which, when, where, why 等引导。 例如: He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. 他就是我昨天见的那个人。 They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. 那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。 Thank you for the present that/which you gave me. 感谢你送给我的礼物。 Beijing is the place where/in which I was born. 北京是我的出生地。 Is this the reason why /for which he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗? 二.定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。限制性定语从句是不可缺少的部分,去掉它主句意思往 往不明确;非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之 间通常用逗号分开。非限定性定语从句可以用 which 或 as 引导。 The house, which we bought last month, is very nice.这幢房子很漂亮,是我们上个月买的。 As we know, smoking is harmful to one's health. 如我们所知,吸烟有害健康。 The sun heats the earth, which is very important to us. 太阳使地球暖起来,这对我们人类很重要。

(七) 状语从句
状语从句就是作状语的句子,英语中的状语有九大类,可以分别表示:时间、地点、原因、结果、 目的、条件、让步、比较和方式。 一.时间状语从句 引导时间状语从句的连词主要有:when, as, while, as soon as, no sooner …than…, hardly…when…, scarcely…when…, since, before, after, till, until,by the time(到……为止), the moment(一…… 就……), the minute(一……就……), every time, the first/last time, next time It has been four years since he joined the army. 他参军已经 4 年了。 She didn‘t go to bed until she had finished her homework. 她直到写完家庭作业才睡觉。 As soon as he stopped talking, I rose to ask questions. 他一停止说话,我就站起来问问题。 I‘ll tell you about it the moment you come. 你一来我就告诉你。 Every time I come, he is reading. 我每次来他都在看书。 二.地点状语从句 引导地点状语从句的引导词有 where, wherever= no matter where(无论哪里) Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者事竟成。 You‘d better make a mark where you have any questions. 哪儿有问题,就在哪做个记号。 三.条件状语从句 1.引导条件状语从句的连词有:if, unless= if… not(除非), once(一旦) ,as/so long as(只要) 等。 We will go to the countryside, if it doesn‘t rain tomorrow. 如果明天不下雨,我们就去郊区。 I can‘t ring her unless she gives me her telephone number. 我无法给她打电话, 除非她给我她的电话 号码。 Once it is decided, it should be done right away. 一旦决定下来,就要立刻去做。
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

四.原因状语从句 引导原因状语从句的引导词有:because, since(既然), as(由于), for 等。now (that)可以表示 “既然” seeing that,considering that, given that,意为“鉴于,考虑到” , ,in that“因为”也可 以引导原因状语从句。 The day breaks because the sun is rising. 天亮了,因为太阳出来了。 Since everybody is here, let‘s begin. 既然大家都来了,咱们开始吧。 As you request it, I will come. 由于你要求了,我会来的。 Now (that) you have finished the work, you are free to do what you like. 既然你完成了工作,你可以 去做你想做的事。 五.让步状语从句 引导让步状语从句的词有:although, though, as, even if, even though, whether…or…, no matter +ever 等。 1.though, although 引导的让步状语从句,后面的从句不能有 but,但是 though 和 yet 可连用。 Although it's raining, they are still working in the field. 虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。 2.as 引导的让步从句必须表语或状语提前(形容词、副词、分词、实义动词提前) 。详见倒装 句部分。 Child as he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. 虽然是个小孩,该做什么不做什么,他全 知道。 3.even if, even though “即使” We'll make a trip even though the weather is bad. 即使天气不好,我们也要去远足。 4.Whether...or... “不管……都……” Whether you believe it or not, it is true. 信不信由你,这确实是真的。 5. “no matter +疑问词”或“疑问词 + 后缀 ever” No matter what happened, he would not mind. =Whatever happened, he would not mind. 不管发生什 么,他不在意。 6.While 放在句首,一般表示“尽管” ,而不是其他意思,如“当……时候” 。 While I agree with you, I can‘t accept your proposal. 尽管我同意你,但是我不能接受你的提议。 六.结果状语从句 引导结果状语从句的词有:so that (表示结果) ,so/such…that…(如此…以致…)等。 She made such great progress that her teacher praised her in class. 她的进步很大, 她的老师在课堂上 表扬了她。 You speak so fast that I can‘t follow you. 你说话太快了,我跟不上你。 七.目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句的结构有 in order that, so that 等,从句中通常有 can, may 表示“能……”的情 态动词。 He got up early so that he could catch the first train. 他很早就起床了,为了赶上头班火车。 We go to school in order that we may learn. 我们去上学就是为了学*。 八.方式状语从句 方式状语从句通常由 as, (just) as…so…, as if, as though 引导。 The professor told the students to do as he did. 教授让学生像他那样去做。 They completely ignore these facts as if (as though) they never existed. 他们完全忽略了这些事实, 就仿佛它不存在似的。 九.比较状语从句 引导比较状语从句的引导词有:than, as…as, not as(so)…as…等。 The sun is much bigger than the earth. 太阳比地球大多了。 The diamond is less valuable than that one. 这颗钻石没有那颗值钱。 十.状语从句的省略 Look out for cars when crossing the street. 过马路时要小心汽车。 Whenever known, such facts should be reported. 无论什么时候得知这样的事实,都要报告。
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

Once having made a promise, you should keep it. 一旦作了承诺,就要兑现。 When taken according to the directions, the drug has no side effects. 如果按照说明吃药, 是没有副作 用的。

(八)倒装
英语正常语序为“主语 + 谓语 + ?” ,如果谓语置于主语之前就称之为倒装。倒装句又分为完 全倒装和部分倒装两种。 一.完全倒装 Gone are days when we trusted each other. 我们彼此信任的日子已不在。 二.部分倒装 Never have I seen such a performance. 从未见过如此糟糕的表演。 Nowhere else will you find such a loyal friend. 无论如何你不会在其他地方找到这么忠诚的朋友。 If you won't go, neither will I. 你不去,我也不去。 By no means can you talk him into buying the lottery. 你绝没法说服他买彩票。 Hardly/Scarcely had he noticed the flying object when he was hit by it. 他还没来得及注意到飞来的物体,就被它击中了。 Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting. 叫了三次,他才来参加会议。 Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 母亲一直到孩子入睡后离开房间。 Not only did he read the lesson but also he recited it. 他不但读了这一课,而且还给背下来了。

(九) 虚拟语气
一.If 条件句中的虚拟 If I were you, I would refuse to go there. 如果我是你,我将拒绝去那儿。 If he had come yesterday, I should / would have told him about it.如果他昨天来的话,我会把这件事 告诉他的。 If you were to succeed, everything would be all right. 如果你将来成功了,一切都会好的。 If you had asked him yesterday, you would know what to do now. 如果你昨天问过他, 今天就知道做 什么了。 二.其他词带虚拟语气 It is suggested that the meeting (should) not be put off. 有人建议不要推迟会议。 His father urged that he (should) study medicine. 他父亲力劝他学医。 The professor‘s advice was that Nathan revise his paper again. 教授的建议是让 Nathan 再修改一遍他的论文。 It is (high/about) time that the children went to bed. 孩子们该睡觉了。 If only the alarm clock had rung. 当时闹钟响就好了。 But for their help, I would not have completed the task. 若没有他们的帮助,我不可能完成任务。 We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we would have telephoned him. 我们不知道他的电话号码;否则,我们早就打电话给他了。

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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语





Part I Phonetics (10%) Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. 1. A. back B. safely C. table D. strange 2. A. white B. whisper C. whose D. wheel 3. A. cover B. crop C. create D. cycle 4. A. dumb B. establish C. debt D. doubtful 5. A. express B. extra C. expert D. export 6. A. three B. those C. thank D. theatre 7. A. liberation B. suggestion C. attention D. education 8. A. warm B. armful C. party D. harvest 9. A. change B. chalk C. school D. chimney 10A. sugar B. suffer C. sudden D. suggest Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20%) Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence. 11. _____ you‘ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A. Now that B. After C. Although D. As soon as 12. The doctors insisted that the patient ______ badly hurt and that he ______ at once. A. be; be operated on B. was; be operated on C. was; should operate on D. is; must be operated 13. –Did you enjoy yourself at the party? --Sorry to say I didn‘t. It was ______ a meeting than a party. A. more of B. rather like C. less of D. more or less 14. I‘m to go to Manchester next week. I‘ll visit Martin ______ I go there. A. in case B. since C. whenever D. when 15. _____ is known to everyone, the earth is round. A. As B. which C. but D. that 16. _______ to give up smoking, he threw away his ______ cigarettes. A. Determined; remained B. Determined; remaining C. Determining; remained D. Determining; remaining 17. You‘re ______ your time trying to persuade him, he‘ll never join us. A. spending B. wasting C. losing D. missing 18. —Can you give me the right answer? —Sorry, I , Would you repeat that question? A. hadn‘t listened B. haven‘t listened C. don‘t listen D. wasn‘t listening 19. I promised to get there before 5 o‘clock, but now the rain is pouring down. They for me impatiently. A. may wait B. ought to wait C. could wait D. must be waiting 20. You shouldn‘t keep silent when .
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

A. speaking B. spoken to C. spoken D. speaking to 21.In order to buy her house she had to obtain a __________ from the bank. A. finance B. capital C. loan D. debt 22.This book is said to be a special one, which many events not found in other history books. A. writes B. covers C. prints D. reads 23.You have not yet answered my question I can join in the party tonight. A. whether B. if C. which D. that 24.—I‘m too busy to go to the cinema with you, John. — The film is said to be a very good one. A. That‘s all right. B. I‘m so sorry. C. What a shame! D. It doesn‘t matter. 25.It seemed only seconds they came back. A. when B. after C. before D. till 26.—I am sorry I didn‘t do a good job. —Never mind. you have tried your best. A. Above all B. In all C. At all D. After all 27.—Shall I go and play football, Mum? —Not _______ you have finished your homework. A. when B. if C. unless D. once 28.We are _______ by doctors to eat more natural food and take plenty of physical exercises. A. suggested B. warned C. informed D. advised 29. Remember to _____all the tools before you leave the workshop. A put off B put up C put away D put out 30.It was only when I reread his poems recently ______I began to appreciate their beauty. A. that B. until C. then D. so Part III Cloze (30%) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the answer that best fits into the passage. The purpose of a letter of application(求职信)is to help you to ―sell‖ yourself. It should state 31 the job you want, and should tell what your abilities are and what you have _33 .It should be simple, human, personal and brief without 32 out any necessary facts. In writing a letter of application, keep in 34 that the things a possible employer is most 35 to want to know about are your qualifications(条件),your achievements and your aims. The opening paragraph is perhaps the most important part. _36 the first few sentences fail to 37 the reader's attention, the rest of the letter may not be 38 at all. Try to key your opening remarks to the needs or interests of the employer not 39 your own need or desires. For example, instead of beginning with ―I saw your 40 in today's newspaper,‖ you might say ―I have made a careful _41 of your advertising during the past six months‖ or ―I have made a survey in my neighborhood to find out how many housewives 42 your product and why they like it.‖ Try to 43 generalities. Be clear about the kind of job for which you are now _44 .College graduates looking for their first positions often ask― What can I 45 in a letter? Employers want experience—which, naturally, no 46 has.‖ The answer is that everything you have ever done is
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47 . It is important to write a good strong closing for your letter. 48 a specific request for an interview or give the possible employer something definite to do or expect. An excellent 49 is to enclose(内附)a stamped, self-addressed envelope with your letter. That makes it 50 for a possible employer to get in touch with you. 31.A.clearly B. carefully C. obviously D. easily 32.A.found B. done C. known D. heard 33.A.sending B. taking C. leaving D. picking 34.A.brain B. sight C. order D. mind 35.A.probable B. possible C. likely D. able 36.A.While B. Although C. As D. If 37.A.pay B. win C. show D. fix 38.A.kept B. continued C. written D. read 39.A.to B. for C. into D. from 40 A.advertisement B. report C. article D. introduction 41.A.watch B. search C. study D. discussion 42.A.change B. make C .sell D. use 43.A.avoid B. remember C. protect D. gain 44.A.losing B. applying C. preparing D. fitting 45.A.offer B. supply C. mean D. provide 46.A.worker B. beginner C. owner D. manager 47.A.success B. development C. practice D. experience 48.A.Make B. Ask C. State D. Get 49.A.result B. decision C. promise D. idea 50.A.happier B. easier C. cheaper D. safer Part IV Reading Comprehension (40%) Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice. A? Americans think that travel is good for you, some even think it can help one of the country's worst problems—crime. Crime worries a lot of people. Every year, the number of crimes goes up and up. And many criminals (罪犯) are young. They often come from sad homes, with only one parent or no parents at all. There are many young criminals in prison. But prison doesn't change them. Six or seven in ten will go back to crime when they come out of prison. One man, Bob Burton, thought of a new idea. In the old days, young men had to live a difficult life on the road. They learned to be strong and brave, and to help their friends in time of danger. This helped them to grow into men. So Bob Burton started ―Vision Quest‖. He takes young criminals on a long, long journey with horses and wagons,3 000 miles through seven states. They are on the road for more than a year. The young people on Vision Quest all have had problems. Most of them have already spent time in prison. This is their last chance.
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It's hard work on the road. The day starts before the sun comes up. The boys and girls have to feed the horses. Some of them have never loved anyone before. But they can love their horses. That love can help them to a new life. Not all the young people on Vision Quest will leave crime behind them. Three of four in ten will one day be in prison again. Bob Burton is right. Travel can be good for you. Even today, Americans still say, ―Go west, young man.‖ 51.In paragraph 7 ―leave crime behind them‖ means ______. A. no longer do a crime B. leave people who do a crime C. don't do all the crime D. leave criminals behind 52.From the passage we may infer that ________. A. getting up before the sun rises can help people out of crime B. loving can help young people to a new life C. travelling can help all criminals out of prison D. being brave and strong can do with crime 53.On―Vision Quest‖________. A. young people have bad problems B. young people grow tall very fast C. young people often help their friends in time of danger D. all of the above 54.Americans still say, ―Go west, young man‖, because ______. A. if they go west they can have a travel B. in the west there is a prison C. there they have to live a hard life to grow into men D. the prison doesn't change them B The United States is not the only country affected by the ―computer revolution‖. All the major countries of the world have computers, and the developing countries have also realized that computers play a big part in their economic development. Usually what one sees is a machine that looks like a typewriter; it is called a computer terminal (终端).But computers are also used in unseen ways. For example, they determine how much time there should be between traffic signals to prevent traffic problems and to keep millions of cars moving in an orderly flow. When you buy a car, a factory process(过程)that is controlled by a computer enables you to obtain a car with your own choice of colours and special features(特征)in just a few weeks' time. In medical laboratories, computers have reduced the mistakes in testing, and they have saved doctors' countless hours of work. Before long, medical histories of all Americans will be kept in computer ―bands‖. If a person becomes ill far from his home, local doctors will be able to get his medical record immediately. In science, the computer has performed in minutes experiments which would have required thousands of hours of work by human hands and minds. Most experts agree that computers are necessary to solve the problems of increasing population, city living, and public affairs. Without computers, the jobs of solving these problems would require millions of workers to do tons of paperwork. Before any computer can work on any problem, it must be told what to do. Someone must program the computer, step-by-step. At first this was done by having the programmer write out his instructions in the form of numbers which would be ―understood‖ by the machine. Within a short time, attempts were made to perform a system that would enable humans to
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communicate more easily with machines. Different ―languages‖ were developed by means of which the programmer could use words that had meanings for them, and another program in the machine would translate the words into the computer's number system. Without special training, it is impossible to understand exactly how a computer does its work. However, many people without scientific training use computers in their daily lives. In some American schools, for example, young children are being taught by computers for part of the school day. The use of computers in school has worried some Americans. There are those who fear it will remove human element(成分) from teacher-student relationships. On the other hand, there are educators who consider computer program a valuable means of freeing teachers from the more boring and tiring tasks, thus enabling them to spend more time with a single student. In education, as in business and industry, science and medicine, computers play an important part in almost every type of operation. The future will bring major advances in computer technology, which will aid man in his efforts to improve the world. 55.According to the context, the author has written the passage mainly for _____. A. young children B. experienced operators C. common readers D. scientists in the computer field 56.Operators of computers should give instructions to work in the form of program _______. A. which are introduced to turn into computers B. through which computers could process ―language‖ C. which could tell computers what to do and how to do D. all of the above 57.The arguments for computer program used in education were that _______. A. computers like toys would attract much attention of school children B. there are lots of buttons which you can press for doing anything at your will C. computer program would take the place of teachers, turning a school into a computer world D. computers could give teachers the opportunity to spare time to deal with students respectively 58.Which of the following best expresses the main idea of this passage? A. The world will enjoy the beautiful picture of the computers. B. Computer technology will change the human life. C. Computer would work freely in the future. D. Computer would work with a great memory-storage and at highest speed. C ―American dream? What a lie!‖ This comment(评论) was made by a Cuban teenage girl. She was attending a huge protest(抗议) in Havana, Cuba, against American immigration laws last Tuesday. Tens of thousands of people, including Cuba's President, Fidel Castro, took part in the protest to remember 30 missing Cubans, including 13 children. Their boat was lost in the Florida Straits after setting out from Cuba on November 17.It is one of the worst accidents involving(牵扯到)Cubans being smuggled(偷渡) into the US. Fourteen people died in the sinking of a smuggler's boat in 1998,and about 40 people died in 1994 when a tugboat sank near Havana. Castro believes that the ―Cuban Adjustment Act‖ is responsible for the 30 people disappearing. ? This 1996 law gives special allowances to Cuban immigrants who reach US land by whatever
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means. It gives them resident's status(居民身份)and chances to work. It is very different from the US policy to immigrants from other countries. Because it encourages illegal immigration and these types of accidents, some called it ―the murderous law.‖ The US uses the so-called ―dry foot, wet foot‖ rule. Those found at sea are sent back to Cuba. But those who set foot on US soil are generally allowed to stay. Castro said that the law encourages Cubans to undertake dangerous sea journeys with the hope of living in the US. The immigration policy of the US has caused many problems between the US and Cuban. The two countries plan to meet next month to discuss immigration issues. 59.Who is Fidel Castro? A. He is one of the missing smugglers. B. He is one of the persons who made the ―Cuban Adjustment Act.‖ C. He is a Cuban. D. He is the American president. 60.Why did so many people attend the protest? A. Because they were not allowed to enter the US. B. Because their children were missing. C. Because they wanted to come back to their homeland. D. Because they were against American immigration laws. 61.Which of the following is right? A. ―Cuban Adjustment Act‖ is a Cuban law. B. Havana is a place in Cuba. C.43 people disappeared after they set out on November 17. D. The American immigration law was made in 1994. 62.Why did so many people want to smuggle into the US? A. They wanted to live a better life there. B. They were treated badly in their country. C. They had relatives in the US. D. The Americans were very friendly. 63.What is the result of― Cuban Adjustment Act‖? A. The two countries plan to meet next month. B. It is very different from the US policy to immigrants from other countries. C. Those who set foot on US soil are generally allowed to stay. D. It encourages Cubans to undertake dangerous sea journeys. D Phone books have white, blue and yellow pages. The white pages list people with phones by last name. The blue pages contain numbers of city services, government services, and the public schools. Business and professional services are listed in a special directory—the Yellow Pages. The area covered by one area code may be small or large. For example, New York City has one code area, but so does the whole state of Oregon. There is an area code of map of the US and Canada in the front of the white pages. Pay phones have numbers in the US. This means you can call a friend at a phone booth(电话 亭).Or if you are making a long distance call and run out of money, give the number on your phone to the person you are talking to. Then hang up the receiver and they can call you back.
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If you make a long distance call and get a wrong number, call the operator and explain what happened. This means that you can make the call again to the right number without having to pay more money; or you can have the phone company mail you a credit coupon that has the same value as the phone call. Some companies advertise a service called WATS. You can dial a special number without a long distance charge. These are called ―toll free numbers‖ and the area code for all of them is 800.WATS means Wide Area Telephone Service. 64.In the yellow pages, you can find a list of ________. A. people with phones B. public schools C. professional services D. city services 65.If you run out of money when making a long distance call _______. A. you can tell the one on the phone your phone number and wait to be called back B. you can tell the one on the phone your number, hold on and wait to be called back C. you must hang up and stop making any calls D. you have to run out and borrow some money 66.A credit coupon ______. A. is used to buy a phone B. has no value at all C. has more value than the phone call D. has the same value as the phone call 67.The underlined phrases ―toll-free numbers‖ means ________. A. an area code B. a telephone service C. a free long distance call D.WATS E Who are the most beautiful women in the world? Looking at the records, people might think Venzuelan women are. They win the Miss Latin American, Miss Universe, and Miss World contests more frequently than women from any other country. In Venezuela, the term ―Miss‖ as in ―Miss Universe‖ is an honored title. These days, people in some cultures consider beauty contests to be silly. They have tried to stop these contests, saying the contests treat women as objects and place too much importance on women's looks. But in Latin America, beauty contests are a source of pride. Are Venezuelan women really more beautiful than other women? ―They are not really more beautiful here,‖ says Selena, who trains girls for the contest. ―It's just that the girls here work harder and prepare more than anyone else.‖ The preparation takes many hours a day. The contestants stretch their bodies and practice their walks down the runway. They work on their speeches and practice answering questions such as, ―Whom do you admire most in the world?‖ They starve to stay slim. They take classes to learn how to style their hair and apply make-up. It isn't easy. One Miss Universe winner immediately put on 20 pounds after the contest. She said the only thing she wanted to do after the contest was to eat. The cost is high as well. Fortunately the television station that holds the contest pays the costs. Yet most of the contestants say it's worth the effort. A former Miss Universe is now mayor of a
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district in a large city. Although she had no political experience before that, she has been asked to run for higher political office. Another winner has her own television show. Winners have an advantage they could not get anywhere else. ―It's the only chance you have to make it.‖ says one contestant. ―You can't get these opportunities any other way.‖ 68.The passage is mainly about ________. A. beauty contests around the world B. different opinions on beauty contests C. why Venezuelan women are more successful in beauty contests D. the training of beauty contestants 69.According to Selena, the reason why Venezuelan women win more beauty contests is that ________. A. they are more beautiful B. they are better educated C. they are better prepared D. they get more support 70.When the Venezuelan contestants say ―it's worth the effort‖, they really mean _______. A. they gain more fame from beauty contests B. the money spent on beauty contests is worth while C. they gain an advantage over anyone else in politics D. beauty contests lead to a better career KEY 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70

ACDBA ABADA CBACC ABCDC CDABD ABCCC BADCA

BBA CA BBDDB DCDCA DBDAA BDADB CCBCD DDCCD


第一部分 语 音 1. A. narrow 2. A. secretary 3. A. whisper 4. A. November 5. A. official 6. A. subject 7. A. pull 8. A. cloudy 9. A. league 10A. speech 11 A. school 12 A. both 13 A. call 14 A. wheat B. nation B. select B. whistle B. monkey B. observe B. succeed B. push B. captain B. tongue B. reach B. machine B. thin B. calm B. cheat

*


D. natural D. sentence D. while D. notice D. obviously D. suppose D. publish D. cotton D. guest D. chemistry D. character D. think D. walk D. sweat

C. national C. separate C. within C. nobody C. obey C. supply C. put C. certain C. guess C. teach C. technical C. this C. talk C. treat
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15 A. friend 16 A. boot 17 A. corn 18 A. own 19 A. fear 20 A. pleasure 21 A. reported 22 A. weighed 23 A. spare 24 A. female 25 A. improve 26 A. suddenly 27 A. certainly 28 A. century 29 A. quantity 30 A. decision 31 A. roses 32 A. fortunate 33 A. excuse 34 A. technical 35 A. Christmas 36A. through 37 A. mountain 38 A. chalk 39 A. because 40 A. please 41 A. neighbor 42 A. reply 43 A. choose 44 A. country 45 A. brown 46 A. steal 47 A. pour 48 A. anxious 49 A. traffic 50 A. laugh KEY 1-10 BBDBD 11-20 BCBDA 21-30 BBDAA 31-40 DABCA 41-50 CACDB

B. field B. choose B. sport B. follow B. dear B. pressure B. watched B. washed B. prepare B. separate B. problem B. reluctant B. deserve B. ceremony B. conquer B. always B. hundreds B. comfortable B. example B. chemistry B. cheer B although B. wait B. talk B. laugh B. pleasant B. weight B. lonely B. tool B. tough B. own B. meal B. course B. answer B. majority B. autumn ADCBD DDDCB CDCBA BADBA DCBAA

C. handkerchief C. soon C. horse C. know C. heard C. measure C. depended C. warned C. stare C. register C. continent C. population C. merchant C. ancient C. quarter C. design C. bridges C. temperature C. express C. machine C. choose C. theory C. remain C. walk C. caught C. pleasure C. receive C. freely C. flood C. double C. town C. deal C. tour C. annual C. machine C. launch

D. achieve D. stood D. worse D. knowledge D. near D. treasure D. wounded D. wondered D. are D. method D. tolerate D. upset D. percent D. success D. quarrel D. season D. tricks D. scientific D. expensive D. character D. charge D. threat D. grain D. calm D. fault D. peasant D. eighty D ugly D. mood D. route D. drown D. reality D. fourth D. angry D. attention D. laundry

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第二部分 词汇与语法结构

Unit 1
1. He offered to ____ a helping hand, for the suitcase was too heavy for her to carry. A. show B. lend C. spend D. borrow 2.The train was ten minutes late so I have run all the way from my house to the station. A. couldn‘t B. shouldn‘t C. needn‘t D. mustn‘t 3.So fast it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. A. does light travel that B. light travels that C. as light travels that D. with light travels 4. This is one of the best novels by the famous writer. A. that have ever been written B. which have ever been written C. that has ever been written D. whatever have been written 5.You can‘t imagine that rats eat 40 to 50 times . A. in weight B. by weight C. of weight D. their weight 6.____ all his former mistakes, she still treated him as a member A. Instead of B. Instead C. In spite of D. Despite of 7.After the Anti—terrorist War, the American soldiers retuned home, . A. safe but tired B. safely but tired C. safe and tiring D. safely and tiring 8.When he was a boy, he used to go there and watch . A. to repair bicycles B. bicycles to be repaired C. bicycles being repaired D. repairing bicycles 9. I lost your address, otherwise I____you long before. A. had visited B. have visited C. would have visited D. should visit 10.The machines we use today are much better than we used ten years ago . A. those B. ones C. which D. them 11.Mary smiled her mother did when she was Mary‘s age. A. what B. as if C. the way D. that 12.There was a carpet on the floor of his living room. A. Chinese beautiful green B. green beautiful Chinese C. Chinese green beautiful D. beautiful green Chinese 13.I really don‘t know I had my money stolen. A. when was it that B. that it was when C. where it was that D. it was where that 14.—Why was he fined? —He happened to several flowers in the park . A. be seen pick B. be seen picking C. be caught to picked D. catch picking 15.We'll have a sports meeting as soon as the rain ________.? A. will stop B. is stopping C. stops D. stop ? 16.---Have you ever ________ my stamps?? --Yes, I ________ them on your desk yesterday.? A. saw; saw B. saw; seen C. seen; saw D. seen; was seeing ? 17.These stamps _____ me three dollars. A. spent B. cost C. took D. paid 18. Please remember ________when you are out.?
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A. posting the letter B. post the letter ? C. to post the letter D. to have posted the letter ? 19.In the experiment we kept a watchful eye the developments and recorded every detail. A. in B. at C. for D. on 20.My grandmother had over $50,000 when she was sixty-five years old. A. put away B. put back C. put out D. put down

Unit 2
1. Without your help, I _____the exam last term. A. failed in B. would have failed C. wouldn‘t pass D. would fail 2. By no means ___ to our plan for the trip. A. will she agree B. she will agree C. agrees she D. will agree she 3.The badly wounded soldier slowly opened his lips as if something. A. to say B. said C. he had said D. was saying 4.In order not to be disturbed, I spent three days in my study. A. locking B. locked C. to lock D. lock 5. We all agree with him on ____ he said. A. what B. that C. why D. which 6. Mr. Green my letter, otherwise he would have replied before now. A. must have received B. must have failed to receive C. must receive D. must fail to receive 7.There are few electronic applications to raise fears regarding future employment chances than computers. A. likely B. more likely C. possibly D. more possibly 8. I will give this dictionary to ____ wants to have it. A. whomever B. whoever C. whatever D. wherever 9.We were next-door neighbors for three years, during time we met only twice. A. which B. this C. that D. same 10.The stone under her feet rolled down; she was into the river, and she called out for help. A. being pushed B. pushed C. pulled D. being pulled 11.The British are not so familiar with different cultures and other ways of doing things, is often the case in other countries. A. that B. so C. what D. as 12. Mary _____ in the garden when it began to rain. A. was walking B. walked C. walking D. had walked 13.—Kennedy Airport, please. I have to be there by 7. — , but I‘ll do my best. A. No problem B.OK C.I can‘t promise D.I can‘t do that 14. He working till he was seventy years old. A. kept on B. kept up C. kept to D. kept out 15. we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. A. For B. Now that C. Ever since D. By now 16.The question occurred to me we were to get the machines needed.
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A. that B. what C. why 17. I always take it for granted that I am _____ than she is. A. very B. too C. far more D. far better 18.Don‘t be too about things you are not supposed to know. A. funny B. strange C. curious 19. You ought to take every of improving your English. A. time B. thing C. case D. chance 20.—I think it‘s a good idea. —I couldn‘t agree . A. much B. less C. more D. little

D. where

D. terrific

Unit 3
1. He didn‘t know I was in his office. He was too busy to me. A. pay attention to B. notice C. know D. realize 2.It would be worth trying you would not get immediate success. A. unless B. whether C. as if D. even though 3. English _____ in a new way at my college in the past few years. A. has been teaching B. was being taught C. has been taught D. had been taught 4. _____ the umbrella with you in case it rains. A. Bring B. Get C. Carry D. Take 5.——The prison was fire last night. ——Someone must have set fire it. A. on; with B. on; to C. over; with D. over; to 6.I‘ve visited a lot of different places and stayed in lots of different hotels, but none of them this one. A. makes B. beats C. compares D. matches 7. The weather in China is different from____. A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America 8.It is the protection for the trees really matters, rather than how many trees are planted. A. what B. that C.不填 D. which 9. He is an honest official and never any gifts from people who sought his help. A. received B. took up C. expected D. accepted 10.——Shall Mary come and play computer games? ——No, she has finished her homework. A. when B. if C. unless D. once 11.The two sides have finally , though some small differences still exist. A. made a decision B. reached an agreement C. settled down D. broken up 12.From the dates on the gold coin, we decided that it was made five hundred years ago. A. marking B. marked C. to be marked D. having been marked 13.The judge scolded the lawyer because he didn‘t keep his remarks to the topic discussion. A. on B. within C. at D. under
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14.——You know Mr. Green has been ill for days? ——Yes, I wonder if he is better now. A. some B. much C. any D. no 15. It _____ that the jewels had been stolen by a traveler. A. turned out B. turned up C. turned on D. turned over 16. Dirty water must not be with drinking water. A. joined B. linked C. mixed D. combined 17.How I regret the hours in the woods and fields, I should have studied. A. wasting; where B. wasted; where C. wasting ;when D. wasted; when 18.Many workers were organized to clear away remained of the World Trade Center. A. those B. that C. what D. where 19. It is important to people with respect and understanding. A. attend B. treat C. care D. touch 20. Little what you said. If only you repeated it! A. did I understand B.I understood C.I did understand D. have I understand

Unit 4
1.Her son, whom she was so , went abroad 10 years ago. A. of, loved B. for, cared C. to, devoted D. on, affected 2.The manager 30 dollars from my salary without any reason. A. cut off B. held up C. brought down D. kept back 3. I have bought the same dress ____ she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D. than 4.I don‘t suppose anyone will come, ? A. do I B. don‘t I C. will they D. won‘t they 5. She always felt inferior _____ her older sister. A. with B. to C. from D. on 6. It‘s high time we ______to the theater.

A. will

B. shall

C. are going to

D. went

7.―If‖, he added, ― enough time, I would certainly have done it better.‖ A. to give B. giving C. given D. to be given 8. _____ your composition carefully, some spelling mistakes can be avoided. A. Having checked B. Check C. If you check D. To check 9. ______ everybody knows about it, I don‘t want to talk any more. A. For B. Even C. Since D. However 10. One more week, ______ we will accomplish the task.. A. or B. so that C. and D. if 11. There was a lot of fun at yesterday‘s party. You _____ come, but why didn‘t you? A. must have B. should C. need have D. ought to have 12. The manager has _______ to improve the working condition in the company. A. accepted B. allowed C. permitted D. agreed 13. She was so _____ in her job that she didn‘t hear the phone. A. attracted B. absorbed C. drawn D. concentrated
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

14. We all know that _______ speak louder than words. A. movements B. performances C. operations D. actions 15. My parents always let me have my own _______ of living. A. way B. method C. manner D. fashion 16. The new law will come into _____ on the day it is passed A. effect B. use C. service D. existence 17. —―Would you mind the window? It's hot here!‖ May said.? —― ‖. Tom replied.? A. to open; No, please B. open; Yes, please? C. opening; No, of course not D. opening; Yes, please? 18. She won the first prize, though none of us had it.? A. hoped B. wished C. thought D. expected ? 19. It was his doctor who advised that he ____ his job. A. changed B. change C. would change D. had changed 20. When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of _____. A. hold B. reach C. place D. hand

Unit 5
1. The trouble with such resources as coal, oil and gas that they are not renewable. A. has been B. are C. have been D. is 2. — Did your sister go to Wuhan?? —No, her doctor suggested that she .? A. not go B. not going C. did not go D. won't go? 3. The murderer was brought in, with his hands behind his back. A. to be tied B. being tied C. tied D. having tied 4. Now and then they would our house and have a talk with us. A. call on B. drop in at C. drop in on D. drop in? 5. The reason he didn't come was he had to take care of his sick mother. A. why; that B. why; which C. which; why D. that; for ? 6. If you had asked him yesterday, you ______ what to do now. A. would know B. would have known C. would knew D. would known 7. Elephants would if men were allowed to shoot as many as they wished. A. die down B. die out C. die from D. die of? 8. I like black coffee so much; the stronger it is, ______. A. I like it better B. the more I like C. the better I like it D. I like it more 9. You should take the medicine after you read the . A. lines B. words C. instructions D. suggestions 10. Some fat people have a large stomach and no waistline, make them look round.? A. it B. that C. which D. this? 11. —Are you satisfied with the result?? —Not at all. It couldn't be .? A. any worse B. any better C. good D. bad? 12. Tom recommended that we such a meeting, but Jenny insisted that it of great importance.? A. not hold; should be B. didn't hold; be?
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

C. hold; was D. not hold; was? 13. — Shall I take this way or that way?? — will do.? A. Either B. It C. Both D. Any? 14. His parents died when he was young, so he was _____ by his aunt. A. bred B. brought up C. fed up D. grown up 15. ―Please why you're so late,‖ said his girlfriend.? A. excuse B. explain C. apologize D. tell? 16. He stood waving until the train was out of _____. A. scene B. sign C. reach D. sight 17. in the traffic jam, he got to school very late this morning.? A. Having caught B. Be caught C. Being caught D. Caught? 18. He must have attended the meeting yesterday, he?? A. didn't B. mustn't C. needn't D. hasn't? 19. ―Shall I help you with the washing-up?‖ ―Don‘t _____. I‘ll do it later.‖ A. trouble B. bother C. worry D. disturb 20. With the flowers __________ everywhere, the garden looks very beautiful. A. bloomed B. bloom C. blooming D. to bloom KEY Unit 1 1-10 BCAAD CACCA 11-20 CDCBC CBCDA Unit 2 1-10 BAABA BBBAC 11-20 DACAB DDCDC Unit 3 1-10 BDCAB DDBDC 11-20 BBDCA CDCBA Unit 4 1-10 CAACC DCCCC 11-20 DDBDA ACDBB Unit 5 1-10 DACBA ABCCC 11-20 ADABB DCABC 第三部分 完型填空 Passage 1 More than forty thousand readers told us what they looked for in close friendship, what they expected 1 friends, what they were willing to give in 2 , and how satisfied they were 3 the quality of their friendships. The 4 give little comfort to social critics(评论家).Friendship 5 to be a different form of 6 relationships. Unlike marriage or the ties that 7 parents and children, it is not explained or regulated(制约) by 8 . Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 9 — as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 10 organizations—it has its own rule, which is to develop 11 of warmth, trust and love 12 two people. The 13 on friendships appeared in Psychology Today in March. The findings 14 that topics of trust and betrayal(背叛) are 15 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 16 for friends only among those who are 17 like them, but find many 18 differ in race, religion, and background. Arguably the most important 19 that appears in the article, 20 , is not something that we found—but what we did not. 1.A.on B. of C. to D. for 2.A.addition B. pay C. turn D. return 3.A.about B. of C. with D. by
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

4.A.results B. effects C. expectations D. ends 5.A.feels B. leads C. sounds D. appears 6.A.human B. mankind C. their D. civil 7.A.join B. relate C. control D. attract 8.A.force B. law C. rule D. order 9.A.keep B. do C. show D. play 10.A.all B. any C. other D. those 11.A.friendship B. interests C. feelings D. relations 12.A.between B. on C. in D. for 13.A.book B. article C. description D. wish 14.A.warn B. believe C. prove D. solve 15.A.true B. main C. false D. central 16.A.ask B. call C. care D. look 17.A.most B. more C. least D. less 18.A.people B. who C. what D. friends 19.A.conclusion B. summary C. decision D. demand 20.A.moreover B. however C. still D. yet Passage 2 A strange thing happened to me last Sunday. It was 1 a beautiful day that I drove to go for a look in the country. On the way back home, my car 2 . It was out of gas on a lonely road far from a town. I decided to walk 3 I found someone who could 4 some gas. I had walked almost a mile 5 I finally found a house near the road. I was glad to see it 6 it was getting dark. I knocked at the door and a little old lady 7 long white hair answered. She said, ―I‘ve been 8 for you for a long time. Come in. 9 is almost ready.‖ ―But I only come 10 some gas,‖ I answered. I couldn‘t imagine 11 she was talking about. ―Oh, Alfred! Gas?You used to like tea.‖ I quickly explained that my car was out of gas, 12 she didn‘t seem to hear me. She just 13 calling me Alfred and talking about how long 14 since she had seen me. She was acting very strangely and I was anxious to 15 . As soon as she went to get tea, I went out of the house as fast as I could. 16 , there was another house down the road and I was able to buy the gas I needed. When I told the man about my 17 , he said:―Oh that‘s Miss Emily. She lives 18 herself in that big house. She‘s out of her mind, but she wouldn‘t hurt 19 . She is still waiting for the man she was supposed to marry thirty years ago. The day before their wedding he left home and 20 came back because of the war.‖ 1.A.so B. such C that D. very 2.A.jumped B. stopped C. moved D. slid 3.A.until B. when C. so that D. because 4.A.fetch B. sell C. buy D. send 5.A.before B. so C. until D. since 6.A.if B. and C. because D. though 7.A.with B. of C. had D. wore
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

8.A.cooking B. looking C. calling D. waiting 9.A.Gas B. Coffee C. Tea D. Lunch 10.A.for B. with C. without D. buy 11.A.when B. what C. why D. that 12.A.but B. though C. and D. so 13.A.suggested B. kept C. stopped D. enjoyed 14.A.had it been B. it had been C. has it been D. it has been 15.A.stay B leave C. speak D. answer 16.A.Finally B. Fortunately C. Exactly D. Unexpectedly 17.A.incident B. surprise C experience D. adventure 18.A.on B.for C. by D. with 19.A.anyone B. someone C. everyone D. none 20.A.soon B. often C. never D seldom Passage 3 I had offered to watch my 3-year-old daughter, so that my wife could go out with a friend. I was getting some work done in my study while she 1 to be having a good time in the other room. No problem, I figured. But then it got a little too 2 and I shouted, ―What are you doing?‖ No response. I 3 my question and heard her say, ―Oh … nothing.‖ Nothing? I got up from my desk and ran out 4 the living room, where I saw her running across the hall. I followed and watched her as she made a quick 5 into the bathroom. I had her 6 ! I told her to turn around. She 7 . I pulled out my big Daddy voice, ―Young lady, I said turn around!‖ 8 , she turned toward me. In her hand was what was left of my wife‘s new lipstick. And every square inch of her face was 9 with bright red! As she looked up at me with fearful eyes, I heard 10 voice that had been shouted to me as a child. ―How could you… You should know… How many times have you been 11 … What a bad thing to do…‖ It was just a matter of my picking out which old 12 I was going to use on her so that she would know what a bad girl she had been. But 13 I could let loose, I looked 14 at the sweater on her. In big 15 it said, ―I‘M A PERFECT LITTLE ANGEL (天使)!‖ I looked back up into her tearful eyes and, 16 seeing a bad girl who didn‘t listen, I saw a little angel full of 17 that I had come dangerously close to 18 . ―Sweetheart, let‘s take a picture so Mommy can see how 19 you look.‖ I took the picture and thanked God that I didn‘t 20 the chance to prove what a perfect little angel He had given me. 1.A.happened B. liked C. appeared D. Pretended 2.A.long B. quiet C. calm D. strange 3.A.asked B. answered C. raised D. repeated 4.A.into B. of C. from D. for 5.A.way B. turn C. change D. progress 6.A.followed B. scolded C. cornered D. fooled 7.A.laughed B. listened C. agreed D. refused 8.A.Slowly B.Eagerly C. Angrily D. Unfortunately 9.A.filled B. marked C. printed D. covered 10.A.every B. such C. any D. one 11.A.told B. beaten C. frightened D. forbidden 12.A.reports B. notice C. advice D. words 13.A.as B. when C. since D. before
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

14.A.up B. down C. in D. on 15.A.signs B. letters C. messages D. figures 16.A.because of B. instead of C. in spite of D. as a result of 17.A.value B. sadness C. pities D. tricks 18.A.preventing B. getting rid of C. destroying D. doing wrong on 19.A.dirty B. ugly C. special D. silly 20.A.have B. get C. take D. miss Passage 4 It is generally accepted that the experiences of the child in his first years largely determine his character and later personality. Every experience 1 the child something and the effects are 2 . ―Upbringing‖ normally used to refer to the treatment and training of the child 3 the home. This is closely 4 the treatment and training of the child in school, which is usually distinguished(区别)by the 5 ―education‖. In a society such as ours, both 6 and teachers are responsible for the chances provided for the development of the child, 7 upbringing and education depend on each other. The ideals and practices of child upbringing are different from culture to culture. 8 ,the more rural the group, the more 9 the customs of child upbringing. In more technologically developed societies, childhood and adolescence(青春期)are likely 10 a long time, 11 more chances for education and greater variety in 12 development. Early upbringing in the 13 is naturally affected both by the cultural pattern of the group and by the parents‘ 14 and their aims and depends not only on upbringing and education but also on the 15 abilities of the child. Wide differences of intelligence(智力)and character 16 even in children of the same family. Parents can 17 what is normal in physical, mental and social development, by 18 some of the many books 19 on scientific knowledge in these areas, or less dependable since the sample is smaller, by comparing 20 with friends and relatives who have children. 1.A.offers B. affords C. teaches D. pays 2.A.dangerous B. limited C. immediate D. increasing 3.A.from B. for C. out of D. within 4.A covered with B. devoted to C. made from D. related to 5.A.term B. time C. kind D. age 6.A.children B. parents C. students D. classmates 7.A.so that B. so long as C. in that case D. even if 8.A.surprisingly B. Besides C. Generally D. However 9.A.strange B. unchangeable C. unusual D. curious 10.A.to cover B. to change C. to spend D. to spread 11.A.resulting in B. beginning with C. hoping for D. waiting for 12.A.body B. brain C character D. education 13.A.school B. home C. society D. world 14.A.care B. luck C. ability D. job 15.A.wonderful B. great C. named D. born 16.A.happen B. make C. exist D. hold 17.A.bring down B. find out C. work out D. make up 18.A.referring to B. looking into C. holding out D. taking up 19.A.called B. decided C. based D. carried
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

20.A.books B. letters C. notes D. answers Passage 5 The Eskimos believed that a human being is made up of a body, a soul, and a name, and it is not __1___ unless it has all three. This ___2___ has a great __3__ on the Eskimos daily life and runs like a golden ___4__ through the Eskimos culture. As for the soul of man, the Eskimos do not claim to know exactly what it is, but who does? They see it, however, as the beginning of life, and the energy __5__ which life cannot continue. An Eskimo‘s name is __6__ to give life of __7__. It has in it all the good qualities of all the persons who have been called by it. Many Eskimos believe that a newborn baby _8__ because it wants __9__ name and will not complete until it gets it. Immediately after a birth, some wise elders __10__ to__11__ the child. The name that is ___12__ must be __13___ of someone who has died __14__. When my son was born, everyone realized that __15__ was great-grandfather, Mequsaq (who had died a few months __16___,) who had been reborn in him. The newborn baby had a slight squint (看一眼) in __17___ eye that old Mequsaq had ___18__ to the enemy ride in the battle. This was taken as a ___19___ from the name spirit that the baby __20__ be called Mequsaq. 1. A. separate B. complete C. serious D scientific 2. A. thought B. idea C. belief D. theory 3. A. result B. effect C. control D. touch 4. A. thread B. line C. way D. rope 5. A. with B. without C. by D. along 6. A. believed B. taken C. held D. regarded 7. A. his own B. its own C. own D. itself 8. A. sobs B. laughs C. weeps D. cries 9. A. it B. his C. her D. its 10. A. run B. discuss C. gather D. appear 11. A. name B. call C. hold D. dress 12. A. decided B. selected C. elected D. demanded 13. A. this B. these C. those D. that 14. A. recently B. long ago C. just now D. meanwhile 15. A. this B. that C. it D. who 16. A. since B. later C. ago D. before 17. A. the other B. the same C. the different D. other 18. A. hurt B. wounded C. lost D. injured 19. A. choice B. decision C. notice D. sign 20. A. could B. might C. would D. should KEY Passage 1 1-10 BDCAD AABDC 11-20 CABCD DBBDB Passage 2 1-10 BBABA CADCA 11-20 BABBB BCCAC Passage 3 1-10 CBDAB CDADA 11-20 ADDBB BACCD Passage 4 1-10 CDDDA BACBA 11-20 ACBCD CBACC Passage 5 1-10 BCBAB ABDDC 11-20 ABDAC DBCDD

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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

第四部分 Unit 1

阅读理解

A The Bedouin people think most highly of people who show loyalty. To them loyalty does not mean that one is devoted to a country, a place, or a leader. Loyalty means being faithful to one‘s family and tribe(部落). The Bedouin people take pride in their ancestors. They do not admire a hero from an ordinary or poor family as much as one who comes from an honored family. They particularly respect those who have received a good name from their ancestors and then have passed it on to their children. A man‘s position among the black-tent people depends upon his ancestors, relatives, and fellow tribesmen. If they are honored, he is also honored. If they are disgraced, he too is disgraced. Therefore one carefully guards the honor of his family, his lineage(血统), and his tribe. A man can protect his family‘s honor by being brave and generous and by giving protection to those who ask for it. He also guards it by carefully watching the women of his family. A Bedouin woman cannot bring honor to her family, but she can bring disgrace. Even if a woman only looks as if she has done wrong, she may be killed. The honor of her family depends upon her virtue(美德). 1.It can be inferred from the passage that a Bedouin man will feel disgraced if he . A. does not succeed in business B. needs to ask for help from his brothers C. does nothing when a member of his family is badly treated D. does not help a stranger who asks for assistance 2.The Bedouin people respect those who . A. leave their families to seek success on their own B. value their families more than anything else C. become heroes with an ordinary family background D. are. devoted to their country 3.We can learn from this passage that Bedouin women are . A. treated as the equals of men B. listened to carefully when they tell their side of a story C. respected for the many things they do D. not respected as much as men 4.The word ―disgrace‖ means in this text. A. honor B. danger C. pride D. shame B The producer appeared behind the recording studio window and smiled and waved to me like an old friend. And after I had read out a little test piece, he said, ―That‘s fine, wonderful, your voice is perfect, lovely, wonderful.”Then I read a longer passage in English about the delights of touring in Britain, and another about the delights of visiting London, and both were ―excellent‖ and ―just right‖, and I began to consider a job in radio. To be honest, I was fairly sure of myself though I lacked experience. Across the room in the Hamburg News Agency where we both worked, a friend named Peter Turner called to me, ―I say, Mike, a man on the phone here wants someone to do a recording in English, and I‘m booked up. Would you read something to him in English as a sort of test?‖ I did, and they said, ―Perfect, lovely, wonderful,…‖
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

Would I come round? It was after reading their passage in English in the studio that they noticed my vowel pronunciations were not altogether King‘s English, or even Prince Philip‘s, there was a larger silence than usual, then the voice said: ―Fine, lovely…, but you said the word ?castle‘ with a short ?a‘. Could we have the passage again please, but this time say ?carsele‘.‖ This was easy. But then he noticed other differences in my pronunciation. ―It‘s my northern English accent,‖ I said, angry, because I had to apologize for it. ―Oh, I see…but Mr. Jamieson, we‘ll have to get it right, I‘m afraid. The recording is for teaching English to German schoolchildren, and it must be spoken in the way it is taught in German schools.” I read the passage again…and again…and again. But of course you cannot change the pronunciation of a lifetime in an hour. The studio men were in the state of having lost hope and underlined the vowels which caused me to feel angry, so that I‘d remember them. Few, really. But because I had to concentrate on them, I made a lot of mistakes in my reading. Everyone got somewhat irritable (easily made angry), so we all went out for a beer. 5.Broadcasting did not make Mike nervous . A. although he had never done any before B. because he worked in a news agency C. because he was used to talking on the phone D. although the passages were long 6.What happened after Mike had read the third passage? A. They made him repeat it. B. They said nothing. C. They began to discuss the King‘s English. D. They could not understand one of the words. 7.They wanted Mike to change his pronunciation because . A. German schoolchildren did not like a northern accent B. it was different from the English taught in German schools C. it was different from the English spoken in Germany D. German schoolchildren were taught through recordings 8.Why did Mike‘s reading of the passage get worse? A. He needed a drink to clear his throat. B. He was trying to do the recording in an hour. C. He was trying hard to get certain sounds right. D. He could not learn so many new sounds. C We have seen that pesticides now pollute soil, water, and food, and that they have the power to make our rivers fishless and our gardens and woodlands silent and birdless. Man, however much he may like to pretend the opposite, is part of nature. Can he escape a pollution that is now so thoroughly spread throughout our world? We know that even single exposure(暴露) to these chemicals, if the amount is large enough, can cause extremely severe poisoning. But this is not the major problem. The sudden illness or death of farmers, farm workers, and others exposed to enough quantities of pesticides is very sad and should not happen. For the population as a whole, we must pay more attention to the delayed effects of taking in small amounts of the pesticides that unseeably pollute our world.
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

Responsible(负责的) public health officials have pointed out that the biological effects of chemicals are increasing in amount over long periods of time, and that the danger to the man may depend on the amount of the exposures received throughout his lifetime. For these very reasons people easily take no notice of the danger. It is human nature to shake off what may seem to us a future disaster(灾害). ―Men are naturally most impressed by diseases which have obvious signs,‖ says a wise physician, Dr. Rene Dubos, ― yet some of their worst enemies slowly come near them unnoticed.‖ 9.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the sentence ―Man, …, is part of nature.‖ A. Man doesn‘t care about what happens in nature. B. Man acts as if he does not belong to nature. C. Man can avoid the effects of environmental pollution. D. Man can escape his responsibilities for environmental protection. 10.People are likely to take no notice of the delayed effects of exposure to chemicals because . A. limited exposure to them does little harm to people‘s health B. the present is more important to them than the future C. the danger does not become seen clearly and immediately D. humans are able to bear small amounts of poisoning 11.It can be concluded from what Dr Dubos says that . A. people find hidden diseases difficult to deal with B. attacks by hidden enemies are likely to be deadly C. diseases with obvious signs are easy to cure D. people are likely to take no notice of hidden dangers caused by pesticides D For years it has been possible to set up cameras to take pictures of cars as they speed along highways, jump lights or drive too fast down the street. However, even if the pictures are taken automatically(自动地), someone still has to do all the paperwork of sending out fines. But now a British company called EEV has come up with a computerized video system that can do it all automatically. They suggest that all number plates have a bar code as well as the usual number. The bar codes are just stripes of lines like those you see on food packets but bigger. EEV‘ s high speed wideo camera system can read a bar-coded number plate even if the car is doing over 100 miles per hour. The computer controlling the system could then use the information from the bar code to find out the name and address of the driver (from the car records), print out the fine and send it off automatically. The inventors also suggest that the system should watch traffic to help catch stolen cars. The new electronic system could be watching everyone that passes the cameras! Many people find the idea that ―big brother is watching you‖ is more of a worry than a few motorists getting away with driving too fast. Besides, some people will be very unhappy to realize that with the new system the police should find out where a particular car has been. 12.The best title for the article can be . A. People Who Drive Too Fast B. Stop People from Driving Too Fast C.EEV and the Police System D.A New Computerized System for Motoring Breaking Law 13.The former camera used by the traffic police system is to .
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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A. take pictures of cars on highways B. send fines to fast motorists C. catch cars breaking traffic rules D. make the traffic system fully automatic 14.The newly-invented system works much better with the aid of . A. car number plates B. car speeding records C. bar code numbers on number plates D. print-out fines 15.An additional purpose of the new system is that it could . A. help catch stolen cars B. add code numbers C. watch everyone who drives too fast D. print out bar codes automatically 16. ― ?Big brother is watching you‘ is more of a worry than…‖means that many people . A. are more worried about fast-driving motorists than being watched on B. find ―big brothers‖ more worrying than motorists C. are more worried about being watched on than about fast-driving motorists D. find motorists more worried than ―big brothers‖ E Looking back on my childhood, I realize that naturalists are born and not made. Although we were all brought up in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon gave up their pressed flowers and insects. Unlike them, I had no ear for music and languages. I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic. Before World War I we spent our summer holidays in Hungary. I have only the unclear memory of the house we lived in, of my room and my toys. Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered next door. But I do have a clear memory of the dogs, the farm animals, the local birds, and above all, the insects. I am a naturalist, not a scientist. I have a strong love of the natural world and my eagerness has led me into varied studies or research. I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight oil while reading about other people‘s observations and discoveries. Then something happens that brings these observations together in my sensible mind. Suddenly you imagine you see the answer to the puzzling question, because it all seems to fit together. This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books, which some might honor with the title of scientific research. But curiously, a sharp eye, a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant worlds do not make a scientist; one of the best-known and important qualities required is self-training, a quality I lack. A scientist requires not only self-discipline but hard training, determination and a goal. A scientist, up to a point, can be made. A naturalist is born. If you can combine the two, you get the best of both. 17.The first paragraph tells us the author . A. was interested in flowers and insects in his childhood B. lost his hearing when he was a child C. didn‘t like his brothers and sisters D. was born to a naturalist‘s family 18.The author can‘t remember his relatives clearly because . A. he didn‘t live very long with them
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

B. the family was extremely large C. he was too young when he lived with them D. he was fully busy with observing nature 19.It can be inferred from the passage that the author was . A. a scientist as well as a naturalist B. a naturalist as well as a scientist C. no more than a born naturalist D. first of all a scientist 20.The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist probably because he thinks he . A. has great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic B. lacks some of the qualities required of a scientist C. just reads about other people‘s observations and discoveries D. comes up with answers in a most natural way Unit 2 A After giving a talk at a high school, I was asked to pay a visit to a special student. An illness had kept the boy home, but he had expressed an interest in meeting me, and it would mean a great deal to him. I agreed. During the nine-mile drive to his home, I found out something about Matthew. He had muscular dystrophy(肌肉萎缩症).When he was born, the doctor told his parents that he would not live to see five, then they were told he would not make it to ten. Now he was thirteen. He wanted to meet me because I was a gold-medal power lifter, and I knew about overcoming obstacles and going for my dreams. I spent over and hour talking to Matthew. Never once did he complain or ask, ―Why me?‖ He spoke about winning and succeeding and going for his dreams. Obviously, he knew what he was talking about. He didn‘t mention that his classmates had made fun of him because he was different. He just talked about his hopes for the future, and how one day he wanted to lift weight with me. When we finished talking, I went to my briefcase and pulled out the first gold medal I won and put it around his neck. I told him he was more of a winner and knew more about success and overcoming obstacles than I ever would. He looked at it for a moment, then took it off and handed it back to me. He said, ―You are a champion. You earned that medal. Someday when I get to the Olympics and win my own medal, I will show it to you.‖ Last summer I received a letter from Matthew‘s parents telling me that Matthew had passed away. They wanted me to have a letter he had written to me a few days before: Dear Rick, My mom said I should send you a thank-you letter for the picture you sent me. I also want to let you know that the doctors tell me that I don‘t have long to live anymore. But I still smile as much as I can. I told you someday I was going to the Olympics and win a gold medal. But I know now I will never get to do that. But I know I‘m a champion, and God knows that too. When I get to Heaven, God will give me my medal and when you get there, I will show it to you. Thank you for loving me. Your friend,
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

Matthew 1.The boy wanted to meet the author because . A. he was interested in weight lifting B. he wanted to get a gold medal C. he admired the author very much D. he wanted the author to know him 2.The underlined part in the third paragraph probably means‖ .‖ A. Why do you come to see me? B. Why do I have to stay at home? C. Why does the disease fall on me D. Why not give a gold medal to me 3.We can infer from the passage that . A. Matthew is a determined boy B. Rick used to have the same disease C. Matthew became a champion finally D. Rick regarded Matthew as normal 4.The boy refused the author‘s medal because . A. he was not worthy of it B. he would not be pitied by others C. he knew he would die soon D. he himself could earn one in the future B Personal computers and the Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time.? Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members, but new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience.? E-mail makes it easy to work at home, which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours aren't necessarily much shorter than they once were but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if she'd been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool.? The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun—see a great movie perhaps—and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one, you may tire of telling the story.? With E-mail, you just write one note about your experience, at your convenience, and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience. E-mail is also an inexpensive way stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use E-mail to keep in touch, even daily touch, with their children off at college. We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don't eliminate(排除) any of the old ways. 5. The purpose of this passage is to .? A. explain how to use the Internet? B. describe the writer's joy of keeping up with the latest technology?
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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C. tell the merits(价值) and usefulness of the Internet? D. introduce the reader to basic knowledge about personal computers and the Internet 6. The use of E-mail has made it possible for the writer to .? A. spend less time working ? B. have more free time with his child? C. work at home on weekends ? D. work at a speed comfortable to him? 7. According to the writer, E-mail has an obvious advantage over the telephone because the former helps one .? A. reach a group of people at one time conveniently? B. keep one's communication as personal as possible? C. pass on much more information than the later? D. get in touch with one's friends faster than the later? C Chinese basketball players have never been so close to the NBA before but questions remain about how they will adjust to life in the NBA if they go. Wang Zhizhi, the 2.16-metre center for the Bayi Rockets who was chosen by the Dallas Mavericks two years ago, has finally received permission from authorities to travel to Dallas to play for the rest of the NBA season after he finishes playing in the Chinese Basketball Association‘s finals on March 25th.If he has no problems with his visa(签证) ,Wang will be the NBA‘s first Asian player Wang was chosen by the Mavericks in the second round of the 1999 draft but the Rockets, and army-run club, refused to let him go. After negotiations(谈判)between the Rockets and NBA representatives (代 表),the decision was made to allow Wang the chance to try his hand at American basketball, but only for a period of short time. He has to be back to play in the Ninth National Games in November in Guangzhou. Another center who has attracted attention from the NBA is Yao Ming, the 2.25-meter star who has led to the Shanghai Sharks into the finals fight with the Rockets this year. The 20-year-old‘s NBA dreams might be harder to realize. Yao is the center of the Sharks and the club‘s manager Bei Genyuan has said that he would allow Yao to go only at a proper time, for a proper team and under proper conditions. Yao hasn‘t been chosen yet and it is unlikely that he will be any time soon. People in the Shark‘s front office earlier told members of the press that ―it is not proper for Yao to attend the draft this year‖ because he has to represent Shanghai in the Ninth National Games. Even if Wang and Yao make it to the promised land of basketball at last, analysts on both sides of the Pacific have said the NBA road will be a long one for both of them. Besides needing to work on their upper body strength, Wang and Yao will also have to adapt(适应)to the speed, techniques and above all, culture of the NBA. 8.Yao Ming has attracted attention from NBA because A. he is 2.25 metres tall, who is the tallest basketball player in China B. he is the center of the Shanghai Sharks and has led Sharks into the final fight with the Rockets C. he is regarded as the best basketball player in China D. he is thought highly of in the international world 9.Yao Ming can play for NBA if . A. there is no problem with his visa
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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B.NBA agrees to supply favorable conditions for him C. time and conditions are proper D.NBA can pay a large sum of money for Sharks 10.The underlined phrase ―try his hand‖ in the passage probably means A.初试身手 B.碰碰运气 C.成为一员 D.为其效劳 11.NBA chose Wang Zhizhi so that . A. it can show NBA need talents B. Wang Zhizhi can have a bright future C. its whole level will be improved D. it can make Wang Zhizhi world-famous 12.When Wang Zhizhi plays in NBA, he will have to adapt to many things of NBA except . A. rules of basketball B. the speed C. culture D. techniques D Robert Spring, a nineteenth-century forger(伪造者),was so good at his profession that he was able to make his living for 15 years by selling false signatures of famous Americans. Spring was born in England in 1813 and arrived in Philadelphia in 1858 to open a bookstore. At first he prospered(兴 旺)by selling his small but genuine(名符其实的)collection of early U.S autographs Discovering his ability at copying handwriting, he began imitating signatures of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin and writing them on the title pages of old books. To lessen the chance of detection, he sent his forgeries to England and Canada for sale and circulation. Forgers have a hard time selling their products. A forger can‘t approach a respectable buyer but must deal with people who don‘t have much knowledge in the field. Forgers have many ways to make their work look real. For example, they buy old books to use the aged title page, and they can treat paper and ink with chemicals. In Spring‘s time, right after the Civil War, Britain was still fond of the Southern states, so Spring invented a respectable maiden lady known as Miss Fanny Jackson, the only daughter of General ―Stone Wall‖ Jackson. For several years Miss Fanny‘s financial problems forced her to sell a great number of letters and manuscripts(手稿)belonging to her famous father. Spring had to work very hard to satisfy the demand. 13.Why did Spring sell his false autographs in England and Canada? A. There was a greater demand there than in America. B. There was less chance of being detected there. C. Britain was Spring‘s birthplace. D. The prices were higher in England and Canada. 14.After the Civil War, there was a great demand in Britain for . A. southern money B. signatures of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin C. southern manuscripts and letters
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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D. Civil War battle plans 15.According to the passage, forgers are usually sold to . A. sharp-eyed experts B. persons who aren‘t experts C. book dealers D. owners of old books 16.Who was Miss Fanny Jackson? A. The only daughter of General ―Stone wall‖ Jackson. B.A little-known girl who sold her father‘s papers to Robert Spring. C. Robert Spring‘s daughter. D. An imaginary person created by Robert Spring. E Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around-family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗 传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta. Georgia. People in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do. 17. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ______. A. has little to do with culture B. has much to do with culture C. is ever changing D. is different from place to place 18.According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed _________. A. before birth B. as soon as one‘s teeth are newly set C. sometime after new teeth are set D. around 15 years old 19.Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by _______. A. how much he or she laughs B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows C. what he or she likes best D. the way he or she talks 20.This passage might have been taken out of a book dealing with _____.
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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A. physics B. chemistry C. biology D. none of the above Unit 3 A Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. ―I was a clothes addict,‖ he jokes. ―I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled.‖ Today David wears casual clothes – khaki pants and sports shirt – to the office. He hardly ever wears a necktie. ―I‘m working harder than ever,‖ David says, ―and I need to feel comfortable.‖ More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work. In the United States. The change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual. In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday (but only on Friday). This became known as ―dress-down Friday‖ of ―casual Friday.‖ ―What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing.‖ said business consultant Maisly Jones. Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it‘s easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code. ―A lot of young people don‘t want to dress up for work,‖ says the owner of a software company, ―so it‘s hard to hire people if you have a conservative dress code.‖ Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale. Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative impact on productivity. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. ―Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,‖ one person said. ―For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.‖ 1.David Smith refers to himself as having been ―a clothes addict,‖ because . A. he often wore khaki pants and a sports shirt B. he couldn‘t stand a clean appearance C. he wanted his clothes to look neat all the time D. he didn‘t want to spend much money on clothes 2.David Smith wears casual clothes now, because . A. they make him feel at ease when working B.he cannot afford to buy expensive clothes C.he looks handsome in casual clothes D.he no longer works for any company 3.According to this passage, which of the following statements is FALSE? A. Many employees don‘t like a conservative dress code. B. comfortable clothes make employees more productive. C.A casual clothes code is welcomed by young employees. D. All the employers in the U. S. are for casual office wear. 4.According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Company workers started to dress down about twenty years ago. B. Dress-down has become an everyday phenomenon since the early 90s. C. ―Dress-down Friday‖ was first given as a favor from employers.
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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D. Many workers want to wear casual clothes to impress people. 5.In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT . A. saving employees‘ money B. making employees more attractive C. improving employees‘ motivation D. making employees happier B A person, like a commodity needs packaging. But going too far is absolutely undesirable. A little exaggeration, however, does no harm when it shows the person‘s unique qualities to their advantages. To show personal attractiveness in a casual and natural way, it is important for one to have a clear knowledge of oneself. A skilled packager knows how to add art to nature without any signs of embellishment (装饰), so that the person so packaged is not a commodity but a human being, lively and lovely. A young person, especially a female, shining with beauty and full of life, has all the favor granted by God. Any attempt to make up would be self-defeating. Youth, however, comes and goes in a flash. Packaging for the middle-aged is primarily to hide the marks made by years. If you still enjoy life enough to keep self-confidence and work at pioneering work, you are unique in your natural qualities, and your attractiveness and grace will remain. Elderly people are beautiful if their river of life has been, through plains, mountains and jungles, running its course as it should. You have really lived your life, which now arrives at a self-satisfied stage of quietness and calmness with no interest in fame or wealth. There is no need to make use of hair dyeing. The snow-capped mountain is itself a beautiful scene of fairyland. Let your looks change from young to old in step with the natural ageing process so as to keep in harmony with nature, for harmony itself is beauty, while the other way round will only end in unpleasantness. To be in the elder‘s company is like reading a thick book of deluxe (better quality) edition that attracts one so much as to be unwilling to part with. As long as one finds where one stands, one knows how to package oneself, just as a commodity sets up its brand by the right packaging. 6.It can be concluded from the text that . A. people should be packed at all ages B. people should be packed in a special way C. elderly people also care about packing D. proper packing makes people attractive 7.According to the author, if you want to keep in harmony with nature, you should . A. dye your hair B. make up at a young age C. follow the ageing process D. give up fame and wealth 8.For the middle-aged, attractiveness . A. hardly exists B. is the strongest C. comes from the inside D. comes from the appearance 9.The underlined sentence means that elderly people .
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

A. are usually packed like a finely-made book B. experience a lot and have rich knowledge of life C. do a lot of traveling and can give you much information D. enjoy reading thick books of beautiful nature and fairyland C ―Let‘s go down one more, push your enter key…‖ says a volunteer helping senior citizens work a web (网) session on the Internet. David Lansdale has found a way to light up the lives of the elderly. He gets them wired to the Internet. ―If you hit your enter key, it will bring up this particular e-mail…‖ Pauline Allen is one of those who has started using the Internet, ―I thought I was through with life, I was ready for a rocking chair, because I was 86 years old. And I haven‘t found the rocking chair yet.‖ ―You found the keyboard?‖ asks the reporter. ―That‘s right, I found the keyboard.‖ The average age of Lansdale‘s students is around 68. All are in nursing or assisted care homes. He used family relationships to introduce them to the World Wide Web. David Lansdale says, ―Here they are in California, the family was back in New York, the opportunity to connect, to cross the time and space, was incredibly precious (valuable) opportunity to them.‖ ―I hear you are so beautiful.‖ Lillian Sher writes an e-mail to a newborn great granddaughter. Working with one another, the senior learn as a group. They learn to master the Internet and to overcome what Lansdale calls the maladies of the institutionalized: loneliness, helplessness, boredom, and loss of memory. Mary Harvey says, ―Bingo just doesn‘t interest me. But this does, believe me, this does.‖ Ninety-four year old Ruth Hyman is a star pupil and instructor. She says, ―When I send a letter to my grandchildren, and great grandchildren, they hang it up in their offices, just like I used to hang their drawings on my refrigerator. Ha, ha.‖ David Lansdale says, ―There‘s a collective benefit. There is an element (因素) of treatment. Remember we started as a support group.‖ Dixon Moorehouse says, ―I just wish I was 15 years old and getting to learn all this.‖ The senior call their weekly meetings Monday Night Live. And many say the meetings have given them new life. Ruth Hyman says, ―Three years ago, they told me I wasn‘t going to live. But I showed them, and got work, and I‘ve worked ever since.‖ 10.The purpose of David Landsdale‘s work is to . A. keep the health of the mind of the senior B. popularize the use of computers among the old C. organize the senior as a group to work D. help the senior connect with their families 11.The words ―the maladies of the institutionalized‖ used in the text refer to . A. the difficulties in learning B. the problems caused by getting old C. some kinds of treatments D. the worries about the Internet 12.How many examples does the writer give to prove that the senior enjoy the Internet? A. Four. B. Five.
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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C. Six. D. Seven. 13.It can be inferred that Ruth Hyman‘s younger generations hang her mails up . A. in order not to lose the letters B. in order not to forget something important C. to make the offices more beautiful D. to show pride in their grandmother‘s work D Have you ever wondered what a Degree might be worth to you in your job or career? It means a lot —— Americans with an Associate Degree average nearly $10,000 more in yearly earnings than those with just a High School Diploma (证书). Harcourt Learning Direct (HLD) offers you a way to get a Specialized Associate in 11 of today‘s fields —— without having to go to college full time. With Harcourt, you study at home, in your spare time —— so you don‘t have to give up your present job while you train for a better one. Choose from exciting majors like Business Management, Accounting, Dressmaking & Design, Bookkeeping, Photography, Computer Science, Engineering, and more! Your training includes everything you need! Books, lessons, learning aids---even professional-quality tools and equipment---everything you need to master your training and move ahead to a new career is included in the low tuition (学费) price you pay. Nearly 2,000 American companies---including General Electric, IBM, Mobil, General Motors, Ford, and many others--- have used our training for their employees. If companies like these recognize the value of our training, you can be sure that employers in your area will, too! Earning your degree in as little as two years! Get a career diploma in just six months! The career of your dreams is closer than you think! Even if you have no experience before, you can get valuable job skills in today‘s hottest fields! Step-by-step lessons make learning easy. Prepare for promotion, pay raises, even start a business of your own! Send today for FREE information about Harcourt at-home training! Simply fill your name and address on the coupon (登记表) above. Then, write in the new name and number of the one program you‘re interested in, and mail it today. We‘ll rush your free information about how you can take advantage of the chances in the field you have chosen. Act today! Mail coupon today! Or call the number below 1-800-372-1589. Call anytime, 24 hours a day, 7days a week. www.harcourt-learning.com E-mail: Harcourt@ learning. Com 14.What kind of people will probably answer this advertisement? A. College students preparing to work in some big companies. B. College students preparing to study for a degree. C. High school graduates preparing to have at-home training. D. High school graduates preparing for college entrance examinations. 15.People can get a Specialized Associate Degree by . A. doing full-time learning at school B. working in some big famous companies C. studying in their spare time
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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D. studying abroad for two years 16.How can you contact Harcourt Learning Direct? A. By sending an E-mail. B. By visiting the office on weekdays. C. By making a call on weekdays only. D. By sending a letter not later than today. E With only about 1,000 pandas left in the world, China is desperately trying to clone (克隆) the animal and save the endangered species (物种). That‘s a move similar to what a Texas A & M University researchers have been undertaking for the past five years in a project called ―Noah‘s Ark‖. Noah‘s Ark is aimed at collecting eggs, embryos (胚胎), semen and DNA of endangered animals and storing them in liquid nitrogen. If certain species should become extinct, Dr. Duane Kraemer, a professor in Texas A&M‘S College of Veterinary Medicine, says there would be enough of the basic building blocks to reintroduce the species in the future. It is estimated that as many as 2,000 species of mammals, birds and reptiles will become extinct in over 100 years. The panda, native only to China, is in danger of becoming extinct in the next 25 years. This week, Chinese scientists said they grew an embryo introducing cells from a dead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit. They are now trying to implant the embryo into a host animal. The entire procedure could take from three to five years to complete. ―The nuclear transfer (核子移植) of one species to another is not easy, and the lack of available (capable of being used) panda eggs could be a major problem,‖ Kraemer believes. ―They will probably have to do several hundred transfers to result in one pregnancy (having a baby). It takes a long time and it‘s difficult, but this could be groundbreaking science if it works. They are certainly not putting any live pandas at risk, so it is worth the effort,‖ adds Kraemer, who is one of the leaders of the Project at Texas A&M, the first-ever attempt at cloning a dog. ―They are trying to do something that‘s never been done, and this is very similar to our work in Noah‘s Ark. We‘re both trying to save animals that face extinction. I certainly appreciate their effort and there‘s a lot we can learn from what they are attempting to do. It‘s a research that is very much needed‖. 17.The aim of ―Noah‘s Ark‖ project is to . A. make effort to clone the endangered pandas B. save endangered animals from dying out C. collect DNA of endangered animals to study D. transfer the nuclear of one animal to another 18.According to Professor Kraemer, the major problem in cloning pandas would be the lack of . A. available panda eggs B. host animals C. qualified researchers D. enough money 19.The best title for the passage may be . A. China‘s Success in Pandas Cloning B. The First Cloned Panda in the World
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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C. Exploring the Possibility to Clone Pandas D. China —— the Native Place of Pandas Forever 20.From the passage we know that . A. Kraemer and his team have succeeded in cloning a dog B. scientists try to implant a panda‘s egg into a rabbit C. Kraemer will work with Chinese scientists in clone researches D. about two thousand of species will probably die out in a century Unit 4 A In 1939 two brothers, Mac and Dick McDonald, started a drive-in restaurant in San Bernadino, California. They carefully chose a busy corner for their location. They had run their own businesses for years, first a theater, then a barbecue 烤肉) ( restaurant, then another drive-in. But in their new operation, they offered a new, shortened menu: French fries, hamburgers, and sodas. To this small selection they added one new idea: quick service, no waiters or waitresses, and no tips. Their hamburgers sold for fifteen cents. Cheese was another four cents. Their French fries and hamburgers had a remarkable uniformity (一致性) the brothers had developed a strict routine (程 ,for 序)for the preparation of their food, and they insisted on their cooks‘ sticking to their routine. Their new drive-in became surprisingly popular, particularly for lunch. People drove up by the hundreds during the busy noontime. The self-service restaurant was so popular that the brothers had allowed ten copies of their restaurant to be opened. They were content with this modest success until they met Ray Kroc. Kroc was a salesman who met the McDonald brothers in 1954,when he was selling milkshake-mixing machines. He quickly saw the special attraction of the brothers‘ fast-food restaurants and bought the right to franchise(特许经营)other copies of their restaurants. The agreement struck included the right to duplicate (复制) menu, the equipment, even their red and white buildings with the the golden arches(拱门). Today McDonald‘s is really a household name. In 1976,McDonald‘s had over $ l billion in total sales. Its first twenty-two years in one of the most surprising success stories in modern American business history. 1.This passage mainly talks about . A. the development of fast food services B. how McDonald‘s became a billion-dollar business C. the business careers of Mac and Dick McDonald D. Ray Kroc‘s business talent 2.Mac and Dick managed all of the following businesses except . A. a drive-in B. a theater C. a cinema D. a barbecue restaurant 3.We may infer from this passage that . A. Mac and Dick McDonald never became wealthy for they sold their idea to Kroc. B. the place the McDonalds chose was the only source of the great popularity of their drive-in C. forty years ago there were lots of fast-food restaurants
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

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D. Ray Kroc was a good businessman 4.The passage suggests that . A. creativity is an important element of business success B. Ray Kroc was the close partner of the McDonald brothers C. Mac and Dick McDonald became broken after they sold their ideas to Ray Kroc D. California is the best place to go into business B Maggie was very glad that James was not a frequent visitor to the house. In the children‘s opinion, they had something that they couldn‘t explain or understand about him and that excited their imagination. He stirred Maggie‘s anger, however, so that she often said to her husband, ―It‘s a mercy that brother of yours doesn‘t come oftener.‖ In fact James came once a year, unexpectedly, around eight o‘clock in the evening, and he stayed for six hours of close discussion with his brother. His arrival was a signal to the children that their bedtime would be delayed. Not that he ever spoke to them or played with them. He took no notice of them, as if he was unable to see children, at least until the time came for him to go. Indeed, after his first greeting and a careless kiss, James took no notice of Maggie either, except to add, ―You‘ll be getting on with the supper, Maggie.‖ Such was his regard for her. Maggie paid him back in her own way. She kept the children up, the four of them, to keep her company, she said, but of course they sang and made a noise and broke the endless sound of James‘ voice. Very late, they dropped off to sleep in their chairs. Then, when James was about to go, Maggie woke them up and so more or less forced him to part with four shillings before he left. That gave her some satisfaction, for James, though rich, was unwilling to give or share what he had. He always went home by the last train, just after two o‘clock. Maggie‘s children secretly stared at their uncle. They could not forget that he had, in their mother‘s words, ―lost two wives and taken a third.‖ They wondered about those two unfortunate, lost ladies. They asked each other what their fate (命运) been, and if neither could ever be found again. had James never brought his third wife with him nor ever mentioned her. The children decided that he must be so frightened of losing her that he never allowed her outside the door. 5.Maggie never prepared anything special for James because . A. he was a man difficult to please B. she never knew when he was coming C. she was too busy looking after her children D. he never stayed long enough for a meal 6.What do we know about James‘ behavior? A. He was a kind man, with love for the family. B. He was unselfish, especially towards his brother. C. He was anxious to please the family, especially the children. D. He was rude to his sister-in-law 7.Maggie felt pleased when . A. she paid James the money that she owed him B. James gave some money to the children C. she had to wake James up to catch his train D. James thanked her for the nice supper 8.The children did not realize that two of Jasmes‘ wives .
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

A. were dead B. suffered from loss of memory C. had run away from him D. might reappear one day C Humans are social animals. They live in groups all over the world. As these groups of people live apart form other groups, over the years and centuries they develop their own habits and ideas, which from different cultures. One important particular side of every culture is how its people deal with time. Time is not very important in non-industrial societies. The Nuer people of East Africa, for example, do not even have a word TIME that is in agreement with the abstract thing we call time. The daily lives of the people of such non-industrial societies are likely to be patterned around their physical needs and natural events rather than around a time schedule(时间表)based on the clock. They cook and eat when they are hungry and sleep when the sun goes down. They plant crops during the growing seasons and harvest them when the crops are ripe. They measure time not by a clock or calendar(日 历),but by saying that an event takes place before or after some other event Frequently such a society measures days in terms of ―sleeps‖ or longer periods in terms of ―moons.‖ Some cultures, such as the Eskimos of Greenland measure seasons according to the migration of certain animals. Some cultures which do not have a written language or keep written records have developed interesting ways of ―telling time‖. For example, when several Australian aborigines want to plan an event for a future time, one of them places a stone on a cliff or in a tree. Each day the angle of the sun changes slightly. In a few days, the rays of the sun strike the stone in a certain way. When this happens, the people see that the agreed-upon time has arrived and the event can take place. In contrast, exactly correct measurement of time is very important in modem, industrialized societies. This is because industrialized societies require the helpful efforts of many people in order to work. For a factory to work efficiently(well, quickly and without waste) ,for example, all of the workers must work at the same time. Therefore, they must know what time to start work in the morning and what time they may go home in the afternoon. Passengers must know the exact time that an airplane will arrive or depart. Students and teachers need to know when a class starts and ends. Stores must open on time in order to serve their customers. Complicated societies need clocks and calendars. Thus, we can see that if each person worked according to his or her own schedule, a complicated society could hardly work at all. 9.By saying ―Humans are social animals‖, the author means . A. they live all over the world B. they are different from other animals C. they live in one place, district or country, considered as a whole D. they are divided into many groups 10.Time is not very important in non-industrial societies. This is because people in those societies . A. don‘t have the word TIME in their languages B. don‘t get used to using clocks and other timepieces C. don‘t measure time in their daily-lives around an exact time schedule D. don‘t need to plan their daily lives around an exact time schedule 11.The Australian aborigines‘ way of ―telling time‖ is based on . A. the change of the sun rays
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

B. the movement of the earth in relation to the sun C. the position of the stone D. the position of the tree or the cliff 12.Which of the following might be the best title for this passage? A. Time and Culture B. The Measurement of Time C. Time Schedule and Daily Life D. Clock, Calendar and Society D COURSE: History 101‖Introduction to American History‖ INSTRUCTOR: Dr, Jane Klammer OFFICE: 305 Marshall Hall OFFICE HOURS: 11:15~12:30 M W F(Monday Wednesday Friday) CLASS: 363 Marshall Hall 3:35~5:00T Th (Tuesday Thursday) 10:10~11:00M W F Other times by appointment TELEPHONE: 255-4786 TEXTBOOK: Green, Robert P, The American Tradition: A History of the United States, Charles E .Merrill publishing Co. Columbus, Ohio 1984 which is available at the College Bookstore. COURSE Requirements mid-term exam: October 10 20% of the final grade final exam: December 10 40% of the final grade term paper due: December 15 40% of the final grade Attendance 出席) not required, but you are responsible for all the information given in the class ( is lectures. In the lectures I will talk about the chapters in the textbook and other material that I choose to supplement(补充)the course. The exams will cover all this information. Therefore, I advise you to come to the class as much as possible. If you have to miss a class, be sure to get the class notes from another student. Your homework assignments are listed on the next page. You are supposed to read the chapter about which I will be lecturing before you come to class. This is to make sure that you understand as much as possible while taking notes in my lectures. Be prepared when you come to class. If there are any changes in the assigned homework reading, I will announce in class. The term paper is 40% of your final grade. It should not exceed fifteen pages. Anyone thinking of ( majoring in history may write twenty-five pages.)Before the mid-term exam you will choose the topic for your paper. Have a good term! 13.If a student wants to know what the homework assignments are . A. Pro.Klammer announces them in class B. the student reads the list on the next page C. Prof. Klammer gives a list every week D. the student goes to the professor‘s office 14.If a student cannot see Prof. Klammer during her office hours, he . A. sees her after class B. calls her at home C. makes an appointment with her
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

D. asks another student 15.According to the passage, which of the following is true? A. The textbook is written by Dr. Jane Klammer. B. If you have to miss a class, be sure to say sorry to Prof. Klammer. C. The students can buy ―Introduction to American History‖ at the College Bookstore. D. Prof.Klammer advises her students to take notes in her class. 16.If a freshman thinks that he might major in history, what is the maximum length of his paper can be? A. Fifteen pages. B. Twenty-five pages. C. Ten pages. D. No maximum. E HOW TO QUIT(GIVE UP)SMOKING When thinking about quitting…… List all the reasons why you want to quit. Every night before going to bed, repeat one of the reasons 10 times. Decide positively that you want to quit. Try to avoid negative thoughts about how difficult it might be. Develop strong personal reasons in addition to your health and obligations to others. For example, think of all the time you waste taking cigarette breaks, rushing out to buy a pack, hunting a light, etc. Set a date for quitting-perhaps a special day like your birthday, a holiday. If you smoke heavily at work, quit during your vacation. Make the date sacred seriously, and don‘t let anything change it. Begin to condition yourself physically; start a modest exercise; drink more water; get plenty of rest. Immediately after quitting…… The first few days after you quit, spend as much free time as possible in places where smoking is prohibited(forbidden),e.g. libraries, museums, theatres, departments stores, etc. Drink large quantities of water and fruit juice. Try to avoid wine, coffee, and other drinks which remind you of cigarette smoking. Strike up a conversation with someone instead of a match for a cigarette. If you miss the sensation of having a cigarette in your hand, play with something else---a pencil, a pen, a ruler. If you miss having something in your mouth, try toothpicks or a fake(彷制的)cigarette. 17.Which of the following statements is best supported by the author? A. Whenever you feel like a cigarette, try to forget it by starting a conversation with someone. B. Try to be an ice-breaker before asking for a light. C. If you miss the sensation of having a cigarette in your mouth, play with a pen. D. Every night before going to bed, repeat the reasons 10 times. 18.From the passage, we know smokers . A. spend a lot of time breaking the habit of smoking. B. have to stop to smoke from time to time C. had better quit smoking during their holiday D. start a modest exercise 19.The author suggested . A. all kinds of drinks be avoided immediately after quitting B. drinking water and fruit juice immediately after quitting
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

C. trying low-tar(低焦油)cigarettes immediately after quitting D. spending as much free time as possible in public places 20.If the article is in a newspaper, which section it is in? A. Sports. B. News. C. Health D. Culture. Unit 5 A The Great Wall of China is considered to be the only man-made project seen from the moon. Although it was once thought to have been built entirely during the Qin Dynasty(朝代) between 221 and 208 BC, it is now believed to have been started earlier. The 15-foot-high, 25-foot-wide, 1,500-mile-long structure was undoubtedly built to keep out invading enemies. To the common people of the empire, who had been forced to build the wall, it was not worth it, however. The wall, and other public works completed by the Qin Dynasty, had caused great losses on the wealth and human life of the country. As a result, an angry population rose up in rebellion(反抗)against the Qin Dynasty, and in 207 BC the Han Dynasty began.? Because of its rich history and magnificent appearance, the Great Wall attracts tourists, scientists, and historians to this day and will continue to do so for generations.? 1. According to the author of this passage, the Han Dynasty was able to come into power because .? A. enemies were not effectively prevented from invading the empire B. it had started the work on the wall and really controlled it all along? C. the common people rebelled against the empire that had forced them to work on the Great Wall? D. the Qin emperor lost all his personal wealth in the creation of the Great Wall 2. The main idea of this passage is that .? A. the emperor of the Qin Dynasty was a slave driver? B. invading enemies were a problem in ancient China? C. the common people of ancient China were very poor? D. the human achievement of the Great Wall is widely appreciated? 3. With which of the following opinions would this author most likely agree? A. The pyramids of Egypt also attract modern man because of the human effort they represent.? B. The pyramids of Egypt would probably be seen to a human standing on the moon. C. The human significance of the pyramids of Egypt is greater than that of the Great Wall.? D. The human significance of the pyramids of Egypt is not as great as that of the Great Wall.? 4. The writer has not directly stated, but would support the opinion that . A. Astronauts have taken a personal interest in the history of the Great Wall of China? B. the common people of the Qin Dynasty were the ones who provided the labor in constructing the Great Wall? C. work on the Great Wall was started before the Qin Dynasty came into existence D. the Great Wall of China is a great human achievement and was probably worth the effort it took? B Large companies need a way to reach the savings of the public at large. The same problem, on a smaller scale(小规模地), faces practically every company trying to develop new products and create new jobs. There can be little hope of raising the money needed from friends and people we know, and while banks may agree to provide short-term finance(资金) , they are generally unwilling to provide
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

money, for long-term projects. So companies turn to the public, inviting people to lend them money, or take a share(股份) in the business in exchange for a share in future interests. This they do by issuing(发 行) stocks(股票) and shares in the business through the Stock Exchange. By doing so they can put into circulation(流通) the savings of single persons and institutions, both at home and abroad. When the saver(储蓄者) needs his money back, he does not have to go to the company with whom he originally placed it. Instead he sells his shares through a stockbroker(证券经纪人) to some other saver who is seeking to invest his money. Many of the services needed both by industry and by each of us are provided by the Government or by local organizations. Without hospitals, roads, electricity, telephones railways, this country could not work. All these require continuous spending on new equipment and new development if they are to serve us properly, requiring more money than it is raised through taxes alone. The Government, local organizations, and nationalized industries therefore frequently need to borrow money to finance(给??提供) major capital spending, and they, too, come to the Stock Exchange. There is hardly a man or woman in this country whose standard of living does not depend on the ability of his or her employers to raise money to finance new development. In one way or another his new money must come from the savings of the country. The Stock Exchange exists to provide a channel through which these savings can reach those who need finance. 5.The money which enables these companies to go ahead with their projects is . A. exchanged for part ownership in the Stock Exchange B. raised by the selling of shares in the companies C. repaid to its original owners as soon as possible D. invested in different companies on the Stock Exchange 6.All the basic services on which we depend are . A. unable to provide for the needs of the population B. financed wholly by rates and taxes C. in constant need of financial support D. run by the Government or local organizations 7.The Stock Exchange makes it possible for the Government, local organizations and nationalized industries . A. to make certain everybody saves money B. to borrow as much money as they wish C. to make certain everybody lends money to them D. to raise money to finance new development 8.The underlined word invest here probably means . A. give more money with B. provide less money with C. borrow less money with D. make more money with C ―The first and best of victories is for a man to conquer himself; to be conquered by himself is, of all things, the most shameful," says Plato. Self-control is at the root of all the advantages. Let a man give in to his impulses (冲动) and feelings, and from that moment he gives up his moral (道德上的) freedom.? A single angry word has lost many a friend. When Socrates found in himself any temper or anger,
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

he would check it by speaking low in order to control himself. If you are conscious of being angry, keep your mouth shut so that you can hold back rising anger. Many a person has dropped dead in great anger. Fits of anger bring fits of disease. ―Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad." ―Keep cool", says George Herbert, ―for fierceness (狂怒) makes error a fault."? To be angry with a weak man is to prove that you are not strong yourself. ―Anger", says Pythagoras, ―brings with folly (愚蠢) and ends with regret." You must measure the strength of a man by the power of the feelings he conquers, not by the power of those which conquer him.? Self-control is man's last greatest victory. If a man lacks self-control he seems to lack everything. Without it he can have no patience, no power to govern himself; he can have no self-confidence, for he will always be controlled by his strongest feeling. If he lacks self-control, the very backbone and nerve of character are lacking also.? 9.What does the reader learn from the first paragraph?? A. The greatest victory for a man is to conquer everything except himself. B. One's moral freedom is based on the control of himself.? C. To control oneself is the most difficult in one's life.? D. If a person is too stubborn, he will feel most shameful.? 10.What is the correct interpretation of ―Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad"?? A. If the gods want to kill you, they make you crazy first.? B. If you always lose your temper, you will soon be finished.? C. If you cannot control yourself, you will become crazy.? D. If you are mad, you will be punished by the gods.? 11.The author's main purpose in writing this article is to .? A. explain that self-control is the key to success? B. teach people how to control everything in order to make a great success C. distinguish all kinds of self-control and suggest ways for keeping it? D. advise people not to lose temper so as to make and keep more friends? D Do you sometimes argue about what seems to you to be simple fact? Do you argue whether it‘s cold outdoors or whether the car in front of you is going faster than the speed limit? If you get into such arguments, try to think about the story about the six blind men and the elephant. The first blind man who felt the elephant‘s trunk said it was like a snake. The second who felt the elephant‘s side said it was like a wall, while the third said it was like a spear as he touched the animal‘s tusk. The fourth, who had hold of the elephant‘s tail insisted that it was like a rope. The fifth man said it looked like a tree as he put his arms around one of the elephant‘s legs. The sixth, who was tall and got hold of the elephant‘s ears, said it was like a huge fan. Each man‘s idea of the animal came from his own experience. So if someone disagrees with you about a ―simple fact‖, it‘s often because his experience in the matter is different from yours. To see how hard it is for even one person to make up his mind about a ―simple fact‖, try this simple experiment. Get three large bowls. Put ice water in one. Put hot water in the second. Put lukewarm water in the third. Now put your left hand in the ice water. Put your right hand in the hot water. After thirty seconds, put both hands in the lukewarm water. Your right hand will tell you the water is cold. Your left hand will tell you it‘s hot! 12.What makes people think about simple facts differently? A. The fact that simple facts differ from one another
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

B. The fact that people have different experience in the same simple fact C. The fact that people often disagree with one another D. The fact that it‘s hard to make up one‘s mind about simple facts 13.Which of the following temperature is the closest to the meaning of the word ―lukewarm‖ in the last paragraph? A. Above 0℃ B. Above 40℃ C. Above 20℃ D. Below 0℃ 14.The writer‘s advice is . A. We should never think about simple facts B. We should never judge something with a one-sided view C. We should not agree about simple facts D. We must learn from the six blind men 15.After reading the last paragraph, we may think of . A. Newton‘s law B. Gallilao‘s theory of falling objects C. Einstein‘s theory of relativity D. Marx‘ On Capital 16.The main idea of this passage is . A. People often judge something according to his own experience B. People often agree about simple facts C. It‘s hard for a person to make up his mind about a simple fact D. Don‘t care too much about simple facts E When we walk through the city, we all experience a kind of information overload(超载) but we pay attention only to those that are important to us. We don‘t stop, we keep our faces expressionless and eyes straight ahead, and in doing so, we are not just protecting ourselves but are avoiding overloading other people as well. We make use of stereotypes(刻板的模式) as convenient ways to make quick judgments about situations and people around us. They may not always be accurate(精确的) , and they can often be dangerously wrong, but they are used regularly. The problem with the stereotypes is that they restrict(限制) experience. By using limited clues(线 索) to provide us with a rapid opinion of other people or places we may choose to limit our communication. We may decide not to go to certain places because we believe they will not offer something we enjoy. In the city, styles of dress are particularly important with regard to (关于) self-presentation. Different groups often use clearly identifiable(可辨认的) styles of clothes so that they can be easily recognized. It is becoming increasingly common for brand names to be placed on the outside of clothes, and this labeling(标签) makes it easy to send out information about fashion and price instantly (马上) , and lets other tell at a distance whether an individual has similar tastes and is a suitable person to associate with. In England, where social grouping or class continues to make social distinctions(区分), clothes, hairstyles, people‘s pronunciation and the manner of speaking are all clues to our social group. Class distinctions tend to be relatively fixed, although in the city where greater variety is permitted, they are more likely to be secondary determining factors of friendship and association. 17.People walking in cities ignore the surroundings because . A. they do not wish to talk to other people B. everyone else is expressionless
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北京大学现代远程教育招生入学考试复*参考资料

英语

C. the environment is already familiar to them D. there is too much information to take in 18.According to the passage, the main disadvantage of using stereotypes is that they A. are likely to lead us into dangerous situations B. may make us miss some pleasant experience C. can rarely be relied on D. make us mentally lazy 19.From the passage we may conclude that . A. stereotypes can help to understand people fully B. people are becoming more interested in fashion C. dressing can send messages about individuals D. stereotypes can do more harm than good to people 20.It would appear that in England, a person‘s class . A. might be less important in making friends in a city B. is mainly determined by his pronunciation C. plays less of a role than it did in the past D. is something that can be changed easily KEY Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit

.

1 2 3 4 5

1-10 1-10 1-10 1-10 1-10

CBDDA CCABC CADCB BCDAB CDADB

ABCBC BABCA DCCBA DBACD CDDBB

11-20 11-20 11-20 11-20 11-20

DDCCA CABCB BBDCC AABCD ABCBC

CADCB DBCAD ABACD BABBC ADBCA

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